State of Washington

Washington Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)66,544 sq. miles
    (water) 4,721 sq. mile
    (FULL)265 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 351 miles
  • Vertical Length: 257 milesNote: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (2)Idaho and Oregon
  • Districts: (39) map
  • County: (largest in population) King, 1,737,034
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 11 miles west-southwest of Wenatchee, in Chelan County
  • Highest Point: Rainier, 14,410 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Pacific coastline, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: (average)1,692 ft.

Washington Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Olympia: (capital) 47º 02′ N, 122º 54′ W
    Spokane: (2nd largest city) 47º 40′ N, 117º 26′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Washington is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States of America – part of North America – Washington is bordered by the states of Idaho and Oregon, the Pacific Ocean, and the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Washington is a state in the western United States, one of the states of the Pacific Northwest. Area 176.6 thousand km 2. Population 6.2 million (2004). The administrative center is Olympia. Major cities are Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma. It borders Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, and British Columbia to the north. In the west, the state is washed by the Pacific Ocean; Puget Sound separates the Olympic Peninsula from the mainland to the northwest. See counties in Washington.

In the western part along the coast, the Cascade Mountains stretch from north to south (the highest point of the state is Mount Rainier, 4392 m; another famous peak, Mount St. Hellens, is an active volcano, the last eruption of which occurred in 1980). To the east lies the Columbian Plateau, cut by the canyons of the river. Columbia and its tributaries Snake, Okanogan, Yakima. On the river Columbia is home to the large Grand Coulee and Bonneville power stations. In the extreme east, the spurs of the Rocky Mountains. There are many lakes in the state, the largest being Chelan near the eastern slopes of the Cascade Mountains. In the west of the state, the climate is mild, humid, in the east it is more continental, with dry summers and cool winters. The state has rich forest resources, there are minerals (including reserves of coal, gold, silver, uranium), but intensive mining and development of deposits is not carried out.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Washington, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Washington.

Major ports on the Pacific coast. Developed rail network. Leading agricultural state (first place in the country in the cultivation of raspberries, hops, mint, brain peas, lentils, apples, pears, grapes). Fishing, shipbuilding, metallurgy, engineering, printing industry. Aircraft industry (factories of the Boeing company). Manufacture of computers, electronic components, software (Microsoft Corporation is located here). Major tourist center.

In 1810, Canadian fur traders entered the area and founded the city of Spokane. In 1811, the Americans, led by J. Astor, founded a trading post near Fort Okanogan. The territory of the state was known as the Oregon Lands and was jointly owned by the United Kingdom and the United States. In 1846, the countries entered into an agreement under which the Oregon lands were divided along the 49th parallel. The separate territory of Washington was created in 1853. In 1855, when gold was discovered in the northeast, many settlers arrived looking for easy enrichment. In 1889, Washington became the 42nd state of the United States.

Most of the state’s attractions are concentrated in Seattle and its environs.

State of Washington