State of Virginia

Virginia Geography Statistics

  • Land area:
    (land)35,594 sq. miles
    (water) 3,171 sq. mile
    (FULL) 38,765 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 427 miles (east to west) along Virginia’s southern border
  • Vertical Length: 202 miles from the northernmost point of Virginia (northwest of Winchester) immediately south to the border of North Carolina
  • Border States: (5) North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Maryland
  • Counties: (95) Map
  • County: ( largest in population) Fairfax4495
  • Geographic Center: located approximately 5 mile NW Cairdsville in Buckingham County
  • Highest Point: Mount Rogers, at 5,729 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 963 feet.

Virginia Let / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Richmond: (capital) 35º 53′ N, 77º 43′ W
    Jonesville: 36º 69′ N, 83º 10′ W
    Virginia Beach: 36º 75′ N, 76º 05′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Virginia is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America, Virginia is located in the South Atlantic region of the United States. This is limited to the states of North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Maryland, and Washington, D.C.; Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.

Virginia is a state in the eastern United States. Area 110.8 thousand km 2. Population 7.5 million (2004). The administrative center is Richmond. Largest cities: Norfolk (a suburb of Portsmouth, Portsmouth), Virginia Beach (Virginia Beach), Alexandria (Alegzandria), Newport News, Chesapeake (Chesapeake). Hampton Roads is one of the main US ports. Two airports (Dulles International Airport and National, National Airport) serve the city of Washington and its suburbs. See counties in Virginia.

Virginia borders North Carolina and Tennessee to the south, Maryland to the northeast, West Virginia to the northwest, and Kentucky to the west. In the east it has access to the Atlantic Ocean; The Delmarva Peninsula is separated from the mainland by the Chesapeake Bay. The western part of the state is occupied by the Appalachians (Cumberland Plateau and the Blue Ridge).

About 2/3 of the state is covered with forests. Eastern Virginia is swampy. To the southeast is the Dismal Swamp with Drummond, Lake. Major rivers: Potomac, Rappahannock River, James, Shenandoah River, Roanoke.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Virginia, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Virginia.

The climate is temperate, humid, with hot summers and mild winters.

The most important types of minerals are coal, stone, sand (in the Appalachian region); there are small reserves of oil and gas.

The public sector dominates the state’s economy, with many residents employed by federal agencies in Washington or affiliated with the military. The state has large military and naval bases.

Tobacco, chemical, rubber, food industries, mechanical engineering (electrical equipment and transport engineering), woodworking industry (furniture). The service sector and tourism are developed.

The main agricultural crops: tobacco, corn, soybeans, horticulture is developed (apple orchards in the Shenandoah River Valley). More than half of the value of marketable agricultural products is made up of livestock products, which are dominated by cattle and sheep breeding, and poultry farming is developed (Rockingham County is the US leader in the production of turkey meat). Fishing (herring, crabs, oysters).

In 1526, the Spaniards, having explored the Chesapeake Bay, named it Santa Maria. In 1570 they founded a colony on the York River (which did not last long). In 1584, the British, on the orders of the English Queen Elizabeth I, equipped an expedition that founded a colony on about. Roanoke (the lands are named after the queen, who was officially titled Virgin).

In 1607, the first English permanent settlement of Jamestown arose at the mouth of the James River, which began the development of the Virginian colony, which became the first English colony in North America. As the territory of the colony was being developed, the tension between it and the metropolis grew. In May 1776, Virginia declared its independence, the first of the colonies to adopt a constitution and a declaration of the rights of citizens. Virginia played an important role in the Revolutionary War. In 1788 it became the 10th US state. The first president of the United States was a native of Virginia, J. Washington, another Virginian, T. Jefferson, the author of the text of the Declaration of Independence.

In the first third of the 19th century, the state’s economy was mainly developed with an emphasis on agriculture, with cotton being the leading crop. The cotton harvest was mainly done by slave labor. After the uprising led by the black leader N. Turner (1831), the question arose of the abolition of slavery, but Virginia still remained a stronghold of the preservation of slavery, with the exception of the western territories of the state, where abolitionist sentiments were strong. In 1861, the state officially joined the Confederation, Richmond became its capital. In 1863, the western part of the state, in disagreement with Virginia’s policies, seceded to become the independent state of West Virginia. During the Civil War Virginia, resolutely speaking on the side of the slave-owning South, was the main arena of hostilities. After the defeat of the South in 1865, the commander-in-chief of the army of the southerners, R. Lee, signed a capitulation.

The development of industry was delayed by the Civil War, but accelerated towards the end of the century, especially after the Second World War. From an agricultural region, Virginia has become a dynamically developing industrial state. From the late 19th century until the 1970s, Democrats held power in the state. In 1969, a Republican was elected to the post of governor for the first time, in 1989 an African American, a member of the Republican Party, headed the state.

Among the attractions: Shenandoah National Park (founded in 1926, an area of ​​85 thousand hectares, the northern tip of the Blue Ridge, rises above the Shenandoah River valley), the Portsmouth Shipyard Museum, St. John’s Church in Hampton, Hampton University (African American educational institution), the Hampton Coliseum, which hosts annual jazz music festivals, the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond (a large collection of works of art from India, Nepal, Tibet, Byzantium; works by Faberge).

A popular tourist center of the state is Williamsburg (colonial-style museum town, 1633), in southeastern Virginia. In 1928, the historical part of the city, which was badly damaged during the Civil War, was recreated.

Virginia is the birthplace of eight US presidents (the state’s official nickname is “the cradle of presidents”). In Mount Vernon, in the family estate of J. Washington, a museum named after him was created.

The state includes Arlington (Arlington), a suburb of Washington, located on the right bank of the Potomac River. In Arlington there is the building of the largest US military department – the Pentagon, as well as the Arlington National Cemetery (founded in 1864, the honorary burial place of American soldiers who died in wars and armed conflicts). In 1963, President J. Kennedy was buried in the cemetery, in 1968 – his brother, Senator R. Kennedy.

State of Virginia