State of South Carolina

South Carolina Geostatistics

Photo (all states)

  • Horizontal Width: 199 miles from Strom Thurmond Rezevoir, east at Myrtle Beach
  • Vertical Length: 193 miles from Rock Hill, direct south to Hilton Head IslandNote: Maximum lengths and widths are two-point, straight-line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border States: (2) Georgia, North Carolina
  • Districts: (46) map
  • County: (largest in population) Charleston 309,969
  • Geographic Center: approximately 13 mile SE of Columbia in Richland County
  • Highest Point: Mount Sassafras on the far northwest edge of the state, reaching 3,560 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 348 ft.

South Carolina Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Columbia: (capital) 34º 00′ N, 81º 02′ W
    Greenville: 34º 51′ N, 82º 23′ W
    Hilton Head Island: 32º 11′ N, 80º 44′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Geographically placed in both the northern and western hemispheres and located in the southeastern region of the United States, part of North America, South Carolina is bounded by the states of Georgia, North Carolina and the Atlantic Ocean.

South Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, in the group of South Atlantic states. Area 82.9 thousand sq. km, population 4.2 million people (2004). The administrative center is Colombia. Major cities: Charleston, Greenville, Spartanburg. See counties in South Carolina.

South Carolina borders North Carolina to the north and Georgia to the southeast. Central South Carolina is located on the Piedmont Plateau. In the northeast passes the Blue Ridge (Blue Ridge), the highest point is Mount Sassafras (Sassafras Mountain, 1080 m). In the east, the swampy and saline Atlantic Lowland near the Atlantic Ocean. Off the coast are sandy islands. Two-thirds of the state is covered by forests.

Sea ports. Hydroelectric power plants. Nuclear power plants. The country’s largest mining of mica (including vermiculite), as well as clay, stone, sand, granite, limestone. Woodworking (about 65% of the territory is occupied by forests). Textile, chemical, pulp and paper, food industry. Engineering. Main crops: tobacco, soybeans, corn, cotton, peaches. Meat and dairy animal husbandry and poultry farming are developed. Fishing, crabs, oysters. A major center of tourism (sunny sea beaches, golf, rich forest lands).

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of South Carolina, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in South Carolina.

In 1521, the Spaniard Francisco Gordillo visited the state. In 1663, King Charles II of England granted the lands of North and South Carolina to the lords. In 1670, the first European settlement of Charles Town (modern Charleston) was founded in South Carolina. In the 17th century, the settlers were engaged in the fur trade with the Indians, grew rice, indigo, and tobacco. Plantation agriculture almost immediately became the basis of the economy. In 1729, the Carolinas were divided into North and South. South Carolina became an independent royal colony. By 1730, two-thirds of the population were Negro slaves. The most important event of the War of Independence on the territory of the state was the battle of Cowpens. The colony was one of the original 13, after the end of the Revolutionary War became the 8th state of the new state. Cotton was the main agricultural crop, and with it the textile industry also developed. The fall in cotton prices in the years 1820-1830 led to the so-called “nullification crisis” (federal cotton tariffs were abolished). In 1860, South Carolina was the first Southern state to decide to secede from the United States. About 60 thousand inhabitants of the state participated in the Civil War (about 15 thousand died). The first battle of the Civil War in the state was the attack on Fort Sumter (1861). After the end of the Civil War, the state’s economy was in decline for a long time.

In the 1920s, almost the entire cotton crop was destroyed by the cotton weevil (the dominance of the cotton monoculture ended). After the Second World War, industrialization began in the state; in addition to the traditionally strong textile industry, the chemical, food, and paper industries received development. In agriculture, after the disappearance of the cotton monoculture, an important role is played by the production of tobacco, soybeans, as well as animal husbandry and poultry farming. Most of the historical and cultural attractions are concentrated in the capital and largest city of the state of Columbia and in Charleston, which was the cultural center of the southern states during the colonial period.

State of South Carolina