State of Oregon

Oregon Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)95,997 sq. miles
    (water) 2,383 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 98,380 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 382 miles
  • Vertical Length: 290 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) Washington, Idaho, Nevada, and California.
  • Districts: (36) map
  • County: (largest in population) Multnomah, 672,906
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 25 miles southeast of Prineville, in Crook County
  • Tallest Point: Mount Hood, 11,239 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Pacific coastline, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: (average)3,312 ft.

Oregon Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Salem: (capital) 44º 57′ N, 123º 02′ W
    Bend: 44º 03′ N, 121º 18′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Oregon is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States of America – part of North America – Oregon is bordered by the states of Washington, Idaho, Nevada and California, and the Pacific Ocean.

Oregon is a state in the Northwest of the United States, in the group of Pacific states; area 254.8 thousand sq. km, population 3.6 million people (2004). The administrative center is Salem. Major cities: Portland, Eugene, Gresham, Beaverton, Medford. See counties in Oregon.

Oregon borders the state of Washington to the north, Idaho to the east, and Nevada and California to the south. Located on the Pacific coast of the USA. The central part is occupied by lowlands. The valley of the river is especially known for its picturesque places. Horn (Rogue River). In the north of the state, the Columbian Plateau (occupies most of the territory of Oregon) and the Columbia River, along which the northern border of the state partially passes. The Blue Mountains extend to the northeast, the Great Basin Highlands to the southeast, and the Klamath Mountains and the Cascade Mountains to the southwest (Hood volcano, 3427 m). To the west, parallel to the Pacific coast, is the Coast Range. The state has many lakes, including the deepest lake in the United States – Crater Lake. Main rivers: Columbia and its tributaries. The climate is continental in the interior. In the west, the climate is mild and rainy. There is snow in the mountains, and forests of valuable species (Douglas fir, yellow pine, Sitka spruce, hemlock, etc.) grow on the slopes. The amount of annual precipitation on the coast is one of the highest in the country (2 thousand mm). There is a lot of rain in winter and autumn. The inhabitants of Oregon are jokingly called “waterfowl” (“wetfoot”).

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Oregon, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Oregon.

Minerals: gold, silver, zinc, chromium, nickel. First place in the USA for the extraction of pumice. Seaport (in Portland). HPP on the river. Columbia and its tributaries. Woodworking industry. Ranked #1 in the US in timber harvesting and plywood production. Smelting aluminum and nickel. Mechanical engineering (primarily the production of equipment for sawmills, as well as transport), electronics (branches of companies from Silicon Valley ”), metalworking, food industry (fish, dairy products), fruit and berry processing. Agriculture is about 10% of the state’s land. The main crops are wheat, barley, fruits (pears, cherries, apples, grapes), vegetables (onions, potatoes), nuts. Breed cows, sheep, pigs. Developed fisheries. Tourism. 79% of the urban population is employed in the services and trade sector. Universities, colleges. Symphony Orchestra.

About 10,000 years ago, the Bannock, Chinook, Klamath, Modoc, and Nez Perse Indians lived in Oregon. In the 18th century, the first Europeans arrived here. They hunted fur-bearing animals. The Indians at first were not aggressive towards them, but when their mass migration to the reservations began, they began to actively fight, and this period in the history of the region was marked by bloody battles. After the Boston captain R. Gray in 1792 discovered the Columbia River and entered its mouth (named after the captain’s ship), the United States declared their ownership of the Oregon lands. In 1805-1806, Fort Clatsop was built at the mouth of the Columbia (after the expedition of Lewis and Clark). Spain, Russia, England and the USA began to claim the Oregon lands. In 1811, the American Fur Company established the city of Astoria as its representative office. Trading posts were created by the Hudson’s Bay Company. In the 1830s, a stream of immigrants poured into Oregon, especially in the Willamette River valley. Mostly beaver hunting (hence the state’s nickname “Beaver State” – “beaver state”). In 1846, the dispute with England was settled and in 1848 Oregon became a US territory. In 1857, a constitution was adopted, with amendments, which is still in force today. In 1859 Oregon became the 33rd state of the United States. After the discovery of gold deposits in the southwest and east, livestock and farms begin to develop (exports wheat and beef). In the 1870s, railways were being built, trade was expanding, and industry was developing. In 1890, the population was already about 318 thousand. In the 19th century, many highways appeared in the state. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the Oregon System operates in political life in the state – it involves the involvement of citizens in the legislative process. The adoption of the system was due to the protest of local farmers against the control over prices, credit rates and other aspects of the economy, which was carried out by bankers, land speculators, railroad owners from other states. The Bonneville Dam was built in 1933. In the 1960s, the foundation of environmental legislation was laid, which by this time had become a serious problem for the state. In the 20th century, the woodworking industry is still the main industry (about half of the country’s total timber production). Nevertheless, the high-tech industry is developing (due to the opening of branches from Silicon Valley). The tourism industry is developing. About 80% of the urban population is employed in trade and services. Only 10% of the land is used for agriculture (wheat, fruits, vegetables, nuts are grown). In the 60s and 80s, many people from California moved to the state. They are attracted by relatively low housing prices, favorable ecology, and picturesque surroundings. The state was one of the first to legalize abortion, made an attempt to legalize marijuana, was the first to pass a law on euthanasia.

Attractions include the Oregon Caverns National Monument (a string of bizarre grottoes and caves) to the southwest, Hells Canyon National Recreation Area (near one of the deepest canyons on the Snake River), Crater Lake National Park (approx. 75 thousand hectares) in the Cascade Mountains (protected since 1902, the main object of the park – Crater Lake was formed after a powerful explosion that destroyed the summit part of the Mazama volcano, a depth of more than 600 m), the national monument “Geological deposits near the John Day River” (deposits late Pleistocene plant and animal fossils), the State Capitol (1872), the Museum of Northwest History, and the Salem District Courthouse. Portland is home to numerous theaters and museums, including the Coliseum, the Oregon Historical Center, the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, and the Portland Museum of Art.

State of Oregon