Oklahoma Lat / long
LATITUDE & LONGITUDE:
- Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
Oklahoma City: (capital) 35º 28′ N, 97º 30′ W
Tulsa: (then largest city) 36º 06′ N, 95º 54′ W
- Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
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- Relative locations: (specific details)
Oklahoma is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the south-central region of the United States of America, part of North America – Oklahoma is bordered by the states of New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas.
Oklahoma is a state in the southern United States, in the group of states of the Southwestern Center (West South Central States). Area 181, 1 thousand sq. km. The population is about 3.5 million people (2004). The administrative center is Oklahoma City. Major cities: Tulsa, Norman, Lawton, Midwest City. See counties in Oklahoma.
Oklahoma borders the states of Kansas and Colorado to the north, Missouri and Arkansas to the east, Texas to the south, and New Mexico and Texas to the west. Located on the Great Plains (most of the state, 200-300 m). The central part of Oklahoma is low-lying. A large area of the state is occupied by forest. In the west, the foothills of the Rocky Mountains rise, in the southeast – the Washita Mountains (up to 884 m, Ouachita Mountains) and the Ozark Plateau (Ozark Mountains), in the southwest – the Wichita Mountains. Major rivers: Arkansas, Red River.
The climate is warm continental, arid in the west, humid subtropical in the southeast. Broad-leaved forests still remain in the mountains. The main part of the territory of the state is plowed up.
- AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Oklahoma, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Oklahoma.
Mining industry (occupies one of the leading places in the country). Minerals: coal, oil, natural gas, zinc, dolomite, granite, salt. Power generation. Mechanical engineering (including the production of parts for aircraft and tractors), production of mining and construction equipment, rubber, metalworking. Oil refining, chemical, food industry (flour-grinding and meat-packing plants). Large banks, insurance companies. A significant part of the population is employed in trade and in the service sector. Timber and paper industry. Agriculture is dominated by large farms and ranches. The leading one is beef cattle breeding. Main crops: wheat, peanuts, cotton (main areas in the south of the state), soybeans, forage grasses. Dairy farming.
Traces of Indian tribes were found in Oklahoma about 15 thousand years ago. In 1541, the Spaniard F. de Coronado visited these places with his expedition. France sold Louisiana to the United States in 1803., which included Oklahoma. Exploitation began immediately. Merchants bought goods from the Indians and shipped them to New Orleans on flat-bottomed barges. In 1810-1820, the United States bought most of the territory of Oklahoma. The first permanent settlement was formed in 1817 by the French merchant O. Shuto. In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed, according to which Indian tribes from Georgia were evicted to Oklahoma. In the years 1830-1840, the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole tribes were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma, then called Indian Territory. The very name of the state in the language of the Indians means “Red people”. This migration was called the Trail of Tears. More than half of the 50,000 Indians died on the way. The rest settled in the eastern part of the region. Each tribe had a separate land, they had their own governments, cities and farms.civil war the Indian population supported the Confederation of the Southern states, the European population supported the North. At the end of 1868 on the river. Washita was a bloody battle between the Indians and the American army (the camp of the Cheyenne tribe under the command of the leader Black Cauldron was defeated). After the end of the civil war and the victory of the North, the Indians were deprived of most of their lands as punishment for their support of the South, although the government promised the land to the Indians forever. The government evicted tribes from the western United States to the west of Indian Territory (in 1886), turning these lands into reservations. In 1889, Indian Territory was opened to white settlers. The settlement of “no man’s land” in the center of Oklahoma began. Within hours, the cities of Enid, Guthrie, and Oklahoma City were formed. On May 2, 1890, the Oklahoma Territory was officially formed. In the same year, the Panhandle area was included in its composition. The white settlers began to push back the Indians. They advocated the creation of a state and the allocation of homesteads. By order of Congress, the Dawes Commission prepared the “Land Distribution Act” by 1887. The lands of the reservations, which were in communal ownership, were transferred free of charge with the consent of the Indians as a land allotment (homestead) to individual ownership. Undistributed land was sold, the money went to the fund of the tribe. In 1859, oil fields were discovered in the east of the state, which since 1896 have made Oklahoma a leader in the oil industry. The Indians have always opposed redistribution of land, and in 1905 they, dissatisfied with the redistribution, gathered in Muskogee and adopted a state constitution, which they called Sequoia, but Congress refused to recognize it. On the territory of Oklahoma, a state was formed, which in November 1907 was admitted to the United States. By 1910, the land distribution process was over. A state referendum approved the current constitution. The greatly increased population in the 1920s declined in the 1930s when farmers began to leave the state en masse due to “dust storms” and Great Depression. In the traditionally agrarian state of Oklahoma, industry begins to develop. However, the state continues to face severe economic challenges.
Attractions include: Indian Cultural Center (restored Indian Village, Museum, Famous Indian Hall of Fame) in Anadarko, National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City, Will Rogers Cowboy Museum, Ochita National Forest Reserve, Little Sahara National Parks, “Great Salt Plains”, “Quartz Mountain”. Oklahoma City and Tulsa are home to various museums and theaters.