LATITUDE & LONGITUDE:
- Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
Columbus: (capital city) 39º 96′ N, 83º 00′ W
Cleveland: 41º 50′ N, 81º 68′ W
Cincinnati: 39º 11′ N, 84º 50′ W
- Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
- Find any Latitude & Longitude
- Relative locations: (specific details)
Ohio is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America, Ohio is located in the East North Central region of the United States. It is bounded by the states of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana, and Michigan, and Lake Erie.
Ohio is a state in the East North Central States, in the northern United States. The area is 116 thousand km 2. Population 11.4 million (2004). The administrative center is Columbus. Major cities: Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton, Youngstown. See counties in Ohio.
Ohio borders Michigan to the north, Pennsylvania and West Virginia to the east, West Virginia and Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the west. Ohio is located in the Great Lakes region. In the north it has access to Lake Erie, which is adjacent to the fertile coastal plains. In the east there is a low Appalachian plateau (up to 460 m, broad-leaved forests are preserved in some places), dissected by river valleys. In the west it passes into the rolling Central Plains.. The Sandusky River, Cuyahoga River, Grand River flow north to Lake Erie. The Miami River, Scioto River, and Muskingum River all flow south into the Ohio River. In the west, a heavily swampy area. Moderate humid continental climate with cold winters and mild summers.
- AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Ohio, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Ohio.
Ohio is an economically highly developed industrial state. The most important minerals are coal, oil, natural gas. Extraction of sand, gravel, clay, gypsum. The manufacturing industry is the leading branch of the economy. Power plants. Heavy engineering, automotive, steel industry, ferrous metallurgy. Manufacture of metal products, industrial equipment, weapons, chemicals and products from plastics and rubber, oil products; food industry. Nuclear industry (in Portsmouth). In the 19th century, the state was the nation’s leading agricultural state. The main agricultural crops are soybeans, corn, wheat, oats, seeded grasses. Gardening. Animal husbandry (meat and dairy direction). The tourism industry is highly developed. Universities. Colleges.
The first inhabitants of Ohio were representatives of the so-called “mound builder” culture. Later, the Erie, Huron, Ottawa, Delaware, Shawnee, and Miami Indian tribes lived here. In 1669-1670, the French R. La Salle and L. Jolie explored the area of the river. Ohio and the shores of the lake. Erie. Later, French and English colonists arrived in the region. France and England have long disputed the rights to the Central Plains. Under the Treaty of Paris in 1763, they went to England. After the War of Independence became part of the USA. In 1787, Ohio became part of the Northwest Territory. In 1788, the first permanent settlement was created – Ohio-Marietta, in 1789 – Cincinnati. On August 20, 1794, the so-called “Battle of the Fallen Trees” took place, in which the remnants of the Indian tribes were defeated. Aboriginal resistance was crushed. In 1795, under the Treaty of Greenville, the Indians ceded most of the future state to the United States. Immigrants flocked to the region. Part of the Ohio lands in the northeast were assigned to Connecticut. In 1803 Ohio became the 17th state. The state is named after the Ohio River (translated from the Iroquois language – “big water”). From 1803 to 1816 the state capital was alternately Chillicothe, Zanesville, and from 1816 Columbus. At the beginning of the 19th century, Indians from the tribes of the river valley. Ohio united under the command of the chiefTecumseh to resist colonization. But in 1811 they were defeated by a detachment of W. Harrison (the future US president). Colonization intensified. The settlers were attracted by the cheapness, fertility of the land, and favorable climate. During the period of colonization, the Indians were either exterminated or expelled from their lands. The process accelerated after the completion of the National Road (1838), the canal network, and the Dayton-Sandusky Railroad (1850). The state is developing due to its central position between West and East, between South and North. Coal is being mined. Grain farming occupies a paramount place (in 1840 the state occupied the leading place in the country in the collection of wheat, in 1850 in corn). Before the Civil War Ohio becomes one of the most ardent abolitionists. Along the river Ohio and other areas were staging posts for runaway Negroes. Since 1848, infringement of the civil rights of blacks is prohibited. During the Civil War in July 1863, the southerners made the only trip to Ohio under the command of General J. Morgan, which ended in defeat, Morgan was taken prisoner. About 320 thousand people from among the inhabitants of the state fought on the side of the northerners. After the war, the state was at the center of the socio-political life of the country. Republican presidents W. S. Grant, R. B. Hayes, J. A. Garfield, B. Garrison, W. McKinley, W. H. Taft, W. Harding left the state, W. G. Garrison. At the end of the 19th century industrial development begins. Main industries: machine tool building, soap making, ferrous metallurgy. Prominent businessmen B. Goodrich, C. Kettering and J. Rockefeller enter the arena. The trade union movement is expanding. In Columbus, the American Federation of Labor (AFL, American Federation of Labor, 1886), the United Mine Workers of America, 1888 were created. There is a wave of workers’ strikes. Workers in 1884 set fire to coal in the mines of Perry County, which is still burning. In the 20th century, the pace of industrialization and urbanization in Ohio accelerated.
Most of the attractions are concentrated in the cities of Cleveland, Cincinnati, Columbus. Between Cleveland and Akron is the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area.