State of North Carolina

North Carolina Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)48,711 sq. miles
    (water) 5,103 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 63,814 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 421 miles from Great Smoky Mountains National Park, east to Roanoke Island.
  • Vertical Length: 182 miles from Sunset Beach, straight north to the Virginia borderNote: Lengths and widths are two-point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border states: (4) South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, and Virginia
  • Counties: (100) Map
  • County: ( largest population) Mecklenburg 827,445
  • Geographic Centre: approximately 11 miles NW of Sanford in County Charham
  • Highest Point: Mitchell, at 6,684 ft.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 707 ft.

North Carolina Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Roles: (capital) 35º 46′ N, 78º 38′ W
    Asheville: 35º 36′ N, 82º 33′ W
    Wilmington: 34º 13′ N, 77º 56′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Geographically placed in both the northern and western hemispheres and located in the eastern region of the United States, part of North America, North Carolina is bordered by the states of South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, and Virginia, and the Atlantic Ocean.

North Carolina is a US state in the South Atlantic States group. The area is 139.5 thousand square kilometers, the population is 8.5 million people. The administrative center is Raleigh. Major cities: Charlotte, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Durham. See counties in North Carolina.

North Carolina borders the state of Virginia to the north. In the south – with the states of South Carolina and Georgia, in the west – with the state of Tennessee.

The western part of the state is located within the hilly plateau of Piedmont and the Appalachians (the highest point is Mount Mitchell). The eastern part is located on a flat swampy Atlantic lowland. In the east it has access to the Atlantic Ocean. Off the coast – a chain of islands and bays of Onslow, Albemarle, Pamlico lagoon, etc.

On the coast, the climate is temperate, warm, and humid. On the Piedmont plateau – subtropical. Hurricanes are frequent in summer. Rivers serve as sources of hydroelectric power. Unsuitable for shipping. More than half of the state is covered with forests, mostly pine. On the coast there are magnificent beaches.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of North Carolina, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in North Carolina.

The most important minerals: lithium, stone, phosphates. The state has a traditionally highly developed industry. mechanical engineering; tobacco, textile, furniture, chemical industry, electronics, hardware, computers. Leading position in the production of furniture, bricks. Agricultural products: tobacco, cotton, corn, peanuts. Meat animal husbandry, poultry breeding. Greenville is home to one of the largest centers for the tobacco trade. First place in the country for the production of tobacco, sweet potato and turkey. Tourism is developed (sea coast, mountainous areas, historical monuments) and the service sector. Universities in Raleigh, Charlotte, Greensboro.

In 1524, the Italian navigator J. da Verrazano explored the coast of North Carolina. The Englishman Walter Raleigh founded European settlements on the Roanoke River (about 1585), which later became known as the “disappeared colonies” because the new settlers could not find any traces of the colonies. In 1653, Virginians founded the first permanent settlement. The name Carolina was given in honor of the English King Charles I. The colony was established in 1663. In 1703 it was divided into two parts: North and South. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, several major uprisings of settlers against the governor of the colony took place in North Carolina (including those led by Culpeper in 1677 and Carey in 1708). During the War of Independence there were no major battles on the territory of the state, but the inhabitants of North Carolina took an active part in the struggle for freedom in the territory of other colonies. In 1789, the state ratified the US Constitution and became its 12th state. During the Civil War, the state became part of the Confederation (1861), but many residents were on the side of the Union. In 1903, at the sand dunes of Kitty Hawk, the aviators Wright brothers for the first time in the world they carried out a successful flight on a motor plane (a monument was erected at the test site). In the 1950s and 1960s, the state became the center of the civil rights movement and desegregation, in Greensboro for the first time in 1960, a “sit-down demonstration” by black students was held. At the beginning of the 20th century, industry began to develop, after the Second World War, the pace of development of the textile, furniture, and tobacco industries increased, and the production of chemicals, electronics, metal products, and bricks began. The state still grows tobacco, cotton, corn, and peanuts. At the end of the 20th century, many textile enterprises were closed due to difficulties in marketing products.

Among the attractions: House Museum of the American writer Thomas Wolfe, Cherokee Indian settlement (17th century), Firefighters Museum, Tryon Palace in New Bern (the first state capitol), Blueridge Parkway (the first in the country, runs through a scenic area along the Blue Ridge, Blue Ridge), Asheville Health Resort (many resorts and villas, part of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park).

State of North Carolina