State of New York

New York Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)224 sq. miles
    (water)7,251 sq. mile
    (FULL) 54,475 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 322 miles from the southwest corner of the state, due east to the Connecticut border
  • Vertical Length: 296 miles from New York City, direct north to the border with Quebec Note: Maximum lengths and widths are two-point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (5) Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey and Pennsylvania
  • Districts: (62) map
  • County (largest in population) Kings County, 2,486,235
  • Geographic Center: in Madison County, approximately 25 miles southwest of Utica
  • Highest Point Mt. Marcy 5,344 ft.
  • Lowest Point Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 989 ft.

New York Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Albany: (capital) 42º 39′ N, 73º 45′ W
    New York: (largest city) 40º 43′ N, 74º 0′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


New York is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres.

New York is a state in the northeastern United States, the largest in the group of the Mid-Atlantic states. Area 141.2 thousand km 2. Population 19.5 million (2008). The administrative center is the city of Albany. Within the state, America’s largest city is New York. Other significant cities: Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Utica. See counties in New York.

In the north and west it borders with Canada, in the east with the states of Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, in the south with the states of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

In the northeast are the Adirondack Mountains (up to 1628 m). In the west – lakes Ontario and Erie , in the east the state has access to the Atlantic Ocean, where the island of Long Island, which is part of the state, is located. The Appalachian plateau (height up to 656 m) and the Appalachian ranges occupy the main area of the state. The low-lying part is located in the northwest, off the coast of Ontario and on Long Island. The Allegheny Mountains are located in the southwest of the state. Main rivers: Hudson (connected to the Great Lakes system), Mohawk, St. Lawrence. Coniferous and mixed forests. The 27 km boundary between New York and New Jersey is along the Hudson River.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of New York, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in New York.

The climate is temperate and humid, with average monthly temperatures ranging from 0°C to 23°C. Precipitation falls 900 mm per year.

The transport network is highly developed (covering the territory of 11 states). international airports. Ports. Hydroelectric power plants. New York State Freight Channels. Center for Nuclear Research (Buffalo). Salt, stone, sand are mined in the state. New York is the leading industrial state in the United States. Heavy industry, optical instruments, photographic equipment. Enterprises of the chemical, metallurgical, electrical and pulp and paper industries, heavy engineering are concentrated in Syracuse. Utica and Rome (Rome) – the centers of mechanical engineering, Binghamton and its suburbs specialize in consumer electronics and computers (the corporation ” IB-EM ” was founded here “). Banking, securities trading, and insurance flourish. Real estate provides the state with more than half of its gross income. Many stock exchanges and large insurance companies are located in New York (the New York Stock Exchange, the New York Mercantile Exchange, the New York Cotton Exchange, the New York Futures Financial Exchange, the New York Insurance Exchange, etc.). Developed telecommunications. Significant income brings trade. The tourism industry is developed (center in New York City). Traditionally, the textile, printing, and food industries operate.

The most developed branch of agriculture is dairy farming of local importance. Apples, cherries, corn and other vegetables and fruits are grown here. Fishing is developed (off the coast of Long Island). 85% of the population are city dwellers, 60% live in New York.

Universities, colleges. State Philharmonic Orchestra, New York Shakespeare Theatre. Museums. New York Public Library (83 branches, 35 million stock available at the central library and branches, there is an electronic catalog). New York State Theater (Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts).

In ancient times, the Iroquois and Algonquins lived on the territory of the state, which were exterminated during colonization. In 1524, the Italian Giovanni da Verrazano visited New York Bay on the Hudson River. In 1609, the French explorer of North Africa S. de Champlain discovered a lake in the state, later named after him. In the same year, the English navigator G. Hudson, who was in the service of the Dutch in the Dutch West India Company, reached New York Harbor. Then he went up the river named after him to the area where the city of Albany is now located. In 1614, the first settlement of Fort Nassau (now Albany) was founded. In 1621, the Dutch colony of New Netherlands (Dutch West India Company) was established. In 1626, the city of New Amsterdam was founded, which became the administrative center of this colony (the future city of New York). At the beginning of the 17th century, the entire Atlantic coast of the state was captured by the Dutch. In 1664, what is now the state of New Jersey withdrew from the colony. In 1665, the boundary (which still exists) between New York and Connecticut was established. In 1674, after a long struggle with the British, the Dutch governor P. Stuyvesant was forced to transfer the colony to England, which was renamed New York. In 1688, to strengthen the defensive line from the French colonies, New York and New Jersey were included in the Dominion of New England. In 1689, the governor of New York, J. Liesler, led an uprising in support of The English Revolution that overthrew King James II. After the suppression of the uprising in 1691 and the restoration of the power of the English crown, it was decided to create a legislative assembly. During the Seven Years’ War, the future state was the scene of hostilities, many times subjected to devastating raids. Major clashes took place on its territory during the War of Independence.. In April 1777, New York ratified the US Constitution. In July 1778 it became the 11th state with its capital in Kingston. Since 1797 the capital has been Albany. In 1820, New York ranked first among the states in terms of population. The presence of natural waterways and the favorable location of the state contributed to the development of the transport network. In 1825 the Erie Canal was built, in 1831 the first railroad was built (between Albany and Schenectady). Agriculture and the manufacturing industry are developing at a powerful pace, with the center in New York. By 1850, the entire state was covered by the railroad network. It becomes the leading industrial state of the country. Democracy develops in society. There are organizations of farmers, women, abolitionists. The state took an active part in the Civil War (more than 500 thousand inhabitants, of which 50 thousand died), was on the side of the North. The development of the state after the war continues also actively. Many large trusts and corporations are formed. The population is increasing (an influx of immigrants from Europe). In the 1960s. the state faces a new serious problem – environmental pollution (new effective laws are being adopted). New York is the leading industrial state of the USA (since 1970 it has been second only to California).

Among the attractions: the New York Aquarium (1957, an aquarium with a large collection of various species of fish and marine animals), the New York Botanical Garden and the Museum of Botany (more than 15 thousand plant species). Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Niagara Falls (near Buffalo). Most of the sights are concentrated in the city of New York and its suburbs.

State of New York