State of New Mexico

New Mexico Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Santa Fe: (capital) 35º 41′ N, 105º 56′ W
    Albuquerque: (largest city) 35º 05′ N, 106º 39′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
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  • Relative locations: (specific details)


New Mexico is placed on both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the southwestern region of the United States of America – part of North America – New Mexico is bordered by the states of Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, and the country of Mexico.

New Mexico is a state in the southwestern United States, in the Mountain States group. Area 315.1 thousand km 2. Population 1.9 million (2004). The administrative center is Santa Fe. Largest cities: Albuquerque, Las Cruses, Roswell, Farmington, Rio Rancho. See counties in New Mexico.

Geographical position

New Mexico borders Colorado to the north, Oklahoma to the east, Texas to the southeast, Mexico to the south, and Arizona to the west. Located in the river basin. Rio Grande. Mountainous terrain prevails, the ridges of the Rocky Mountains (up to 4000 m) – San Juan and Sangre de Cristo – pass through the central part. The Great Plains lie to the east and the Colorado Plateau to the west. The Llano Estacado limestone plateau runs along the border with Texas. Main rivers: Rio Grande and its left tributary Pecos (flow in mountain gorges). The climate is continental, arid. The Colorado Plateau has savannah and steppe vegetation. Pine forests in the mountains.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of New Mexico, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in New Mexico.


20 thousand years ago, these lands were inhabited by Indians. Spanish travelers who visited these parts, in their homeland, talked about fabulously rich golden cities. In 1536, the expedition of Alvaro Caveza de Vaco tried to find these cities. The first colony, San Juan Pueblo, was founded in 1598. The state capital, Santa Fe, was founded in 1609 on the site of an Indian settlement. In 1680, a rebellion broke out among the Indians (the Spaniards brutally treated the local population), which led to the death of hundreds of colonists. The city of Santa Fe was burned down. Only 12 years later, the Spaniards again conquered this region (in 1771 as part of the Spanish colony of New Spain). In 1821, the lands became part of Mexico (during the War of Independence of the Spanish colonies in America 1810-1826 gg.). In 1846, the United States occupied New Mexico. In 1850, the American Territory of New Mexico (American-Mexican War of 1846-1848) was formed. In 1850, the territory of New Mexico was created (it was part of the modern states of Utah, Arizona, Texas, Colorado). In 1912, New Mexico became the 47th state of the United States. During World War II, the state became a testing ground for nuclear weapons. On July 16, 1945, the first nuclear explosion took place in New Mexico. Since 1971, Ambrosia Lake has been the center for the extraction of uranium ore.

Most of the architectural and historical sights are located in Santa Fe, the cultural center of the state.

Carlsbad Caverns – karst caves in the Guadalupe mountains, near the city of Carlsbad. Depth 309 m, partially explored (about 60 km, declared a national park in 1930). The White Sands National Park (an area of about 59 thousand hectares, a lunar landscape that arose on gypsum sands) is located within the Tularos Plain, a desert intermountain basin sandwiched between the San Andreas and Sacramento mountain ranges.

Economy and industry

Extraction of oil, gas, uranium (most of the US), potash salt (about 85% percent in the country), semi-precious stones, coal, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, molybdenum. Thermal power plants. The main industries: non-ferrous metallurgy, food, oil refining, radio-electronic, telecommunications, nuclear (research laboratories in Los Alamos and Albuquerque). Irrigation is developed in agriculture; construction of dams and reservoirs, grazing. Dairy farming. Cotton, sorghum, wheat, beans and vegetables are grown on irrigated lands. Tourism (mostly Texas residents come here to relax) and the service sector.

State of New Mexico