State of New Jersey

New Jersey Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)417 sq. miles
    (water)1,303 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 8,720 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 40 miles from Trenton, directly east to the Atlantic Ocean
  • Vertical Length: 165 miles from High Point immediately south at Cape May Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border States: (3) New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware
  • Counties: (21) map
  • County: (largest in population) Bergen 893,926
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 5 miles southeast of Trenton, in Mercer County
  • Tallest Point: High Point, at 1,803 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 253 ft.

New Jersey Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Trenton: (capital) 40º 21′ N, 74º 76′ W
    Cape May: 38º 03′ N, 74º 91′ W
    Jersey City: 40º 71′ N, 74º 04′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


As part of North America, New Jersey is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is bounded by the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and the Atlantic Ocean, Delaware Bay, Delaware River, New York Bay, and the Hudson River.

New Jersey is a state in the Middle Atlantic States, in the eastern United States. The area is 22.6 thousand sq. km, the population is 8.749 million people (2004). The administrative center is Trenton. Significant cities are Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth. It borders New York State to the north and east and Pennsylvania and Delaware to the west. See counties in New Jersey.

Most of it is located on the Atlantic lowlands on a peninsula between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. In the north of the state, the foothills of the Appalachians with the Kittatinny mountains and the Piedmont plateau (150-250 m). In the south and east, the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, bordered by a strip of sandy spits, islands and shoals. The southern part of the state is located on the swampy Atlantic lowlands. Lots of small lakes. The climate is temperate maritime.

One of the largest international airports (in Newark). Ports. Largest private public transport system. Machine-building, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, radio-electronic, food, oil refining, rubber, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Scientific research is carried out (especially in the field of pharmaceuticals and telecommunications). Agricultural areas occupy 70% of the area (fruits, vegetables, forage grasses, soybeans). An insignificant part of the population is employed in agriculture; suburban farming predominates—dairy farming, poultry farming, gardening, and horticulture; fishing is developed, seafood is being harvested. New Jersey is one of the most densely populated areas. With the state’s Farmer Assistance Program, the authorities are trying to limit the further growth of cities, due to their large overcrowding. The resort business is one of the important sources of income for the state. International Tourism Center (Atlantic City). Developed insurance business. Stevens Institute of Technology (founded in 1870 under the will of E. Stevens). Colleges. Opera theatre. Ballet troupe. New Jersey Historical Society.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of New Jersey, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in New Jersey.

Traces of a man dating back to the 11th century BC are found on the territory of the state. e. Before the first Europeans, the Delaware tribes lived here. In 1524-1623, the region belonged alternately to the British, French, and Dutch. The expeditions of J. Cabot, G. Hudson, J. da Verrazano visited. In 1621, the region was part of the New Netherland (created by the Dutch West India Company). In 1630, the Dutch bought land from the local Indians and built trading posts. In 1660, on the orders of the Dutch governor P. Stuyvesant, the fortified village of Bergen (now Jersey City, the first permanent settlement of Europeans) was created. In 1664, the British retook the colony, and New Jersey remained in British hands until the start of the Revolutionary War.. In 1676 the colony was divided into Western New Jersey and Eastern New Jersey. The western part was soon bought by W. Penn’s group, and the Quakers persecuted in England began to settle in it. The eastern part was occupied by immigrants from New England. In 1702, a single royal colony of New Jersey was created. In 1783 Princeton was declared the center of the colony. The state suffered greatly during the Revolutionary War (about 100 battles, including near Trenton and Monmouth). In 1787, New Jersey became the 3rd state of the original 13 US states.

Since the 1890s, most of the state’s residents have been city dwellers. In the early 19th century, the Stevens family of inventors worked in the state. J. Stevens (1749-1838) introduced steam engines in transport, improved the steam boiler and steam engine, built the first screw steamer Little Juliana in 1804, which crossed the river several times. Hudson, in 1809 the paddle steamer Felix set sail across the ocean from New York to Philadelphia, and in 1826 J. Stevens built the first American steam locomotive. His father’s business was continued by his sons Robert and Edwin. T.A. worked in Newark. Edison. In the 19th and 20th centuries there is a rapid industrialization, which is facilitated by the tax system of the state. Industrial products in New Jersey: chemicals, electronics, engineering, medical equipment, tools, food products, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, petroleum products.

Attractions include Sacre Coeur Basilica (1899-1954) and the A. Lincoln Monument (both in Newark), New Jersey Coast (popular resort destinations along the Atlantic coast, including the resort town of Atlantic City). The Miss America beauty pageant is held annually in Atlantic City. The gambling business attracts thousands of tourists here. The streets in Monopoly are named after the streets of Atlantic City.

State of New Jersey