State of Nevada

Nevada Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)109,826 sq. miles
    (water) 761 sq. mile
    (FULL)587 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 318 miles
  • Vertical Length: 488 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (5) California, Oregon, Idaho, Utah and Arizona
  • Counties: (17) map
  • County: (largest in population) Clark, 1,375,765
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 26 miles southeast of Austin, in Lander County
  • Highest Point: Boundary Peak, 13,140 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Drive along the Colorado River near its border with California (479 ft.)
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 5,489 ft.

Nevada Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Carson City: (capital) 39º 09′ N, 119º 45′ W
    Las Vegas: (largest city) 36º 10′ N, 115º 08′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Nevada is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the western region of the United States of America – part of North America – Nevada is bordered by the states of California, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, and Arizona

Nevada is a state in the Mountain States group in the western United States. Area 286.4 thousand km 2. Population 2.3 million (2004). The administrative center is Carson City. Major cities: Las Vegas and Reno. See counties in Nevada.

Nevada borders Oregon and Idaho to the north, California to the south and west, and Arizona and Utah to the east. Almost the entire area is within the Great Basin Highlands. In the west – the spurs of the Sierra Nevada, in the north – the Columbian Plateau, geysers. The southern regions border the Mojave Desert. More than 200 lakes and reservoirs. The largest are Mead Reservoir and Lake Tahoe.

The climate is temperate continental, in the mountains it is more humid. Cold winters and hot summers. 85% of the territory is controlled by federal government agencies: the Bureau of Land Management, the Forest Service, the National Park Service. The state owns only 1% of the territory.

Gambling business, entertainment industry, tourism. Industry: food, aerospace. The state ranks first in gold mining in the country. Other minerals: silver, molybdenum, magnesium, barite, gypsum. Agriculture is dominated by dairy farming.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Nevada, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Nevada.

The Indians lived on the lands of the state about 12 thousand years ago. It is believed that in 1775 Nevada was the first to visit the Spanish Franciscan priest F. Garces. In 1826 J. Smith visited its central part, in 1843-45 J. Fremont conducted the first studies. In 1848, after the end of the war with Mexico, the region became part of the United States under a treaty signed in Guadalupe Hidalgo. The first permanent settlement was founded by Mormons in the Carson Valley in 1849. In 1855 they established a mission in the Las Vegas Valley. The impetus for the development of Nevada was the discovery in 1858 of a deposit of gold and silver (the Comstock vein in Virginia City). In 1860, the Pony Express route was laid through Nevada. For ten years, the population has increased by 6 times (from 7 to 42 thousand people). In 1861, the territory of Nevada was created (before that it was part of the territory of Utah). The state joined the United States on October 31, 1864 (thanks to this, the federal government was able to obtain significant loans for the Civil War). In 1869, a section of the Central Pacific Railroad passed through the state. The economy, based on mining, railroads and large ranches, changed dramatically after the Second World War. In agriculture, sheep breeding is becoming an important industry (this was facilitated by the Basque settlers), dairy farming; in industry – the production of chemicals, food, glass. Since the 1950s, Nevada has become a nuclear test site (Nevada nuclear test site). This caused enormous damage to the ecology of the state and the health of its inhabitants; Now the state pays great attention to environmental protection. At the end of the 19th century, the deposits of gold and silver were depleted, and the extraction of other metals began to develop. The lack of water resources in the state led to a slow pace of urbanization and industrial development. The main income in the state comes from taxes on sales and gambling, which was legalized here in 1931. Wealthy people are attracted here by the tax policy (no income tax and inheritance tax). The economy of Nevada is dominated by tourism and the service sector (about 30 million tourists come to Nevada every year). The largest gambling and entertainment complex in the country is located in Las Vegas.

State of Nevada