State of Montana

Montana Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)145,552 sq. miles
    (water) 1,490 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 147,042 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 552 miles
  • Vertical Length: 321 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming
  • Districts: (56) map
  • County: (largest in population) Yellowstone, 129,352
  • Geographic Center: approximately 12 miles west of Lewistown, in Fergus County
  • Highest Point: Granite Peak, 12,799 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Drive along the Kootenai River, south of the Canadian border (1,800 ft.)
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 3,411 ft.

Montana Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Helena: (capital) 46º 35′ N, 112º 02′ W
    Billings: (largest city) 45º 47′ N, 108º 30′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Montana is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the western central region (or Mountain States) of the United States of America – part of North America – Montana is bordered by the states of Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota Wyoming, and the country of Canada.

Montana, a state in the northwestern United States. Area 381, 1 thousand km 2. The administrative center is Helena. Major city: Billings. See counties in Montana.

Population 917, 5 thousand people (2004).

In the north, the state borders with the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan, in the east – with the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, in the south – with the state of Wyoming, in the west and southwest – with the state of Idaho. The eastern part is located on the Great Plains. The west is occupied by the Rocky Mountains (the highest point is Mount Granite Peak). A quarter of the territory is covered with forests, most of which are included in national parks. The main river is the Missouri. The climate is continental, with cold winters with little snow and dry summers. The fourth largest state after Alaska, California and Texas, the third after Alaska and Wyoming in terms of the lowest population density. The name comes from the Spanish “montana” (“mountain”).

Coal and oil are mined. Other significant minerals are being developed: gold, copper, lead, silver, zinc, manganese, natural gas. Food, woodworking industry. The main agricultural crop is wheat. Animal husbandry of meat and wool direction.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Montana, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Montana.

In the early 19th century, members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition were the first Europeans to visit the state. They found here Indians of different tribes. In 1807, the first American outpost was founded – Fort Manuel, named after the founder – the fur trader Manuel Lays. Intended for trade with the Indians. In 1811, it was abandoned due to the hostility of the Blackfoot tribe. In 1841 the priest P. J. De Smet established the first permanent settlement, Mission St. Mary. In 1858, a gold deposit was discovered in the state, and in 1860, a stream of immigrants poured into the region. This was the beginning of the “Gold Rush” (Gold Rush), Montana became one of the centers of the “Wild West”. In 1863, western Montana was merged with eastern Montana and became part of the Idaho Territory. In 1864, Montana received the status of an independent territory. In 1860-1870, frequent clashes with the Indians took place in the region (war with the Sioux Indians, 1875-1876). In the 1880s of the 19th century, railroads were laid. There is a struggle of pastoralists for pasture lands. The woodworking industry and food production are the most important industries. Agriculture is concentrated on large farms and ranches. The main crop is wheat. The rapid development of farms began in 1909-1918. Thousands of migrants were attracted by the opportunity to receive homesteads for agriculture. After several dry years (since 1917), the development of the economy began to halt. During the Great Depression, many copper mines closed. After the depression, an intensive diversification of the economy began, the introduction of new methods in agriculture, the development of oil and coal fields.

Among the attractions: Glacier National Park in the Rocky Mountains in the northwest of the state (founded in 1910, 50 glaciers, many mountain rivers and lakes, home to more than 100 species of animals; in 1932 it was merged with adjoining Canadian Waterton Lakes Park to Waterton Glacier International Park). “Yellowstone National Park” (a small part of it). National Monument “Custer’s Fight” (park-museum at the site of the death of the detachment of J.A. Castor during the Civil War).

State of Montana