State of Mississippi

Mississippi Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Jackson: (capital) 32º 17′ N, 90º 11′ W
    Biloxi: 30º 23′ N, 88º 53′ W
    Nissa: 34º 15′ N, 88º 42′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
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  • Relative locations: (specific details)


The Mississippi is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the Gulf Coast region of the United States of America – part of North America – Mississippi is bordered by the states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Alabama ; the Mississippi River along its entire western border, and the Gulf of Mexico.

Mississippi is a state in the southern United States, in the group of states of the Southeast Center (East South Central States). Area 123.5 km2. Population 2.7 million (2004). The administrative center is Jackson. Other major cities: Biloxi, Greenville, Hattiesburg, Meridian, Gulfport. It borders the state of Tennessee to the north. In the northwest – with the state of Arkansas, in the southwest – with the state of Louisiana, in the east – with the state of Alabama. See counties in Mississippi.

Almost the entire state is located in the Mexican lowlands. In the southeast is the Gulf of Mexico, the coast of which is very swampy. There are many rivers in the Mississippi Delta region, to the east of it are the Bluff Hills, further to the east of the prairie. In the northeast of the state, the Tennessee River valley. The Mississippi Sound separates a chain of small islands in the state. More than 50% is occupied by forests.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Mississippi, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Mississippi.

The main mineral is oil. An important transport hub (airport, railways, port). The public sector plays a large role in the state’s economy (gives up to 15% of the gross product). Textile, furniture, woodworking industry. Chemical industry (explosives, Biloxi). The service sector is developed (2/3 of the population is employed). Major crops: cotton (center in Greenville), soybeans, rice. Cattle and sheep breeding predominate in animal husbandry, and poultry farming is developed. An important role is played by fishing and seafood (fishing for oysters and shrimps). Shipbuilding, ship repair. Universities, colleges.

In 1540, an expedition of Spanish conquistadors visited the Mississippi, where Indian tribes lived. In May 1541, she reached the shores of the Mississippi. In the 17th century, these lands were visited by French explorers led by R. La Salem, who in 1682 declared that the entire Mississippi basin belonged to France. In 1699 fur trader and explorer P. Iberville established the first French colony in Louisiana by exploring the Mississippi. In 1717, the commercial development of the state began. The plan to populate the Mississippi Valley, proposed by the financier J. Low, caused an influx of English colonists into the region. In the Seven Years’ War, the population of the state sided with the British. After the war, the Mississippi territory became part of the English colony of West Florida. In 1781-1795, the Spaniards owned these lands. The Revolutionary War in 1798 created the Mississippi Territory centered on the city of Natchez. In 1817, Mississippi became the 20th state of the United States. The Indians who lived in the state were gradually forced out into the reservation. The state’s economy was based on plantation slavery and cotton monoculture. The state was the second to enter the confederation of the South, whose president was a native of the state, J. Davis. About 80 thousand inhabitants participated in the war, several major battles took place on its territory. After the Civil War, Mississippi was controlled by the federal government. In 1870, the state rejoined the United States. In the late 19th century, the state’s economy was still dependent on cotton monoculture.

In 1877, the first Negro college was opened. In 1890, racial segregation was legalized. The majority of the population was black. In 1916-1920, Governor T. Bilbo carried out significant reforms. In 1927, a flood caused great damage to the agricultural state. Effects of the Great Depression were overcome on the basis of the economic program of “balancing agriculture and industry”. In 1939-1940, an oil field was explored in the state. The rapid development of industrialization began (especially during the Second World War). By the end of the 20th century, the state sector provided up to 15% of the gross product, farms were enlarged, but their number decreased. In the 1960s, the state became the largest center of the civil rights movement. In 1962, there were riots under racist slogans, caused by the refusal to enter the university of the Negro civil rights fighter J. Meredith. As a result, Meredith was accepted, but studied under the protection of the federal guards. In 1969, for the first time in the history of the state, a Negro leader, C. Evers (Evers, Charles), was elected to the post of mayor,

Attractions include: House Museum of J. Davis, President of the Confederate South (in Biloxi), historical monuments in Vicksburg.

State of Mississippi