State of Minnesota

Minnesota Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)79,610 sq. miles
    (water) 7,326 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 86,936 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 281 miles
  • Vertical Length: 385 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, and Wisconsin
  • Districts: (87) map
  • County: (largest in population) Hennepin, 1,116,200
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 10 miles southwest of Brainerd in Crow Wing County
  • Tallest Point: Eagle, 2,301 ft.
  • Lowest Point: Surface of Lake Superior, 602 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 1,216 ft.

Minnesota Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Saint Paul: (capital) 44º 57′ N, 93º 06′ W
    Minneapolis: (largest city) 44º 59′ N, 93º 16′ W
    Bemidji: 47º 28′ N, 94º 52′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Minnesota is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the Central North (or Midwest region) of the United States of America – part of North America – Minnesota is bounded by the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa and Wisconsin, the Canadian regions of Manitoba and Ontario, and Lake Superior.

Minnesota is a state in the northern United States, in the group of states of the Northwest Center (West North Central States). Area 225, 3 thousand km 2. Population 5.2 million (2004). The administrative center is Saint Paul. Major cities: Minneapolis, Bloomington, Duluth, Rochester, Brooklyn Park. See counties in Minnesota.

Minnesota borders Wisconsin to the east, South Dakota and North Dakota to the west, and Iowa to the south. Lake Forest, the Rainy and Pigeon rivers, Lake Superior and a chain of other lakes separate the state in the north and northeast from the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario.

On the crystalline Laurentian Shield (the northern part of the state) there are rocky ridges and deep lakes (about 15 thousand lakes). The northwest and west are occupied by prairies. The central and southern parts of the state lie on a flat plain. About a third of the territory is covered with forests. The climate is humid, temperate continental.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Minnesota, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Minnesota.

Highly developed industry. The largest iron ore basin in the US Mesabi (Mesabi Range). Gives up to 2/3 of the iron ore production of the country. Extraction of sand, gravel, stone. International Airport. Computer manufacturing, mechanical engineering, printing, food and woodworking industries. One of the leading agricultural states. Main crops: soybeans, corn, wheat. Dairy farming is developed. An important place in the economy is occupied by the service sector and tourism.

The French were the first Europeans to enter the state. Traveler-explorer S. de Champlain discovered a lake named after him. D. Duluth walked along the shores of Lake Superior, made friends with the local tribes, after which he declared the region the property of France. During the Seven Years’ War, hostilities unfolded here between the British colonial troops and the French troops (there were also allied Indian tribes on the side of the French). The result of the war was the Treaty of Paris in 1863, according to which the lands east of the Mississippi (as well as other French possessions in North America) were ceded to Britain. After the War of Independence part of the future state east of the river. The Mississippi passed to the United States, the western part – during the Louisiana Purchase (1803), the northern – after the expedition of Z. Pike (1818). In 1819, Fort Anthony was built (in 1825 it was renamed Fort Snelling). Since that time, mass settlement of the territory began (the flow of immigrants from the east and from Canada, as well as Germans, Swiss, Scots, Swedes, Norwegians; about a quarter of the population of the state are Scandinavians). In 1849, the Minnesota Territory (which also included most of present-day North Dakota) was created. In 1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state of the United States. The amended constitution of 1858 is still in force today. During the Civil War there was no fighting in the territory, but soldiers from the state fought on the side of the northerners. In 1862, there was a major uprising of the Sioux Indians, who, after the defeat, were expelled from the state.

In 1915, a United States Steel Corp. steel mill was opened in Duluth. In 1959, Duluth became an international seaport with the opening of the St. Lawrence Deep Waterway. The state is known as the Bread and Butter State. An important place in the economy of the state is still occupied by animal husbandry and the cultivation of wheat.

Among the attractions: National Park “Voyageurs” (Voyageurs National Park), located in the north of the state near the border with the Canadian province of Ontario. Zoo.

State of Minnesota