State of Michigan

Michigan Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)56,804 sq. miles
    (water) 40,001 sq. mile
    (FULL)805 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 171 miles from Ludington, direct east to Bad Ax
  • Vertical Length: 333 miles from Solar Thermal Roll. Marie immediately south to the Ohio
  • Border States: (3) Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin
  • Districts: (83) map
  • County: (largest in population) Wayne 2,061,162
  • Geographic Center: located approximately 6 mile NE of Cadillac in Wexford County
  • Highest Point: Arvon at 1,979 feet.
  • Lowest Point: 572 feet on the Lake Erie shoreline
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 912 ft.

Michigan Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Lansing: (capital city) 42º 73′ N, 84º 55′ W
    Detroit: 42º.33 57′ N, 83º 04′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


As part of North America, Michigan is located in the East North Central region of the United States. This is limited to the states of Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin ; the Canadian province of Ontario, and Lake Michigan, Lake Superior, Lake Huron and Lake Erie.

Michigan is a state in the West North Central States, in the northern United States. Area 251.5 thousand km 2. Population 10.1 million (2004). The administrative center is Lansing. Major cities: Detroit, Grand Rapids, Warren, Flint, Livonia, Ann Arbor. See counties in Michigan.

In the east, the state borders with Canada, in the south – with the states of Ohio and Indiana, in the west – with the state of Wisconsin, has a water border with the states of Illinois and Minnesota

Located in the Great Lakes region on two peninsulas – Upper and Lower. 11 thousand inland lakes, the largest is Houghton. The state is surrounded by lakes. To the east are Lakes Huron and Erie. To the west is Lake Michigan, to the north is Lake Superior. The lower peninsula has a low-lying surface, in some places with hills. The surface of the Upper Peninsula is hilly in the west and flat and swampy in the east. The state has extensive forest land. The climate is mild temperate.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Michigan, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Michigan.

Important transport hub. The largest port on the Great Lakes (Detroit). The most important types of minerals are oil, iron ore, and natural gas. The state is the world leader in the automotive industry. In Detroit, Dearborn, Pontiac, Flint, the largest automobile factories are located. Detroit is home to the headquarters of General Motors, Ford Motor, and Chrysler.

The cultivation of fruits and vegetables plays an important role in agriculture. The state is one of the first in terms of forest reserves in the country (more than 7 million hectares), ranks first in peat production. Universities, colleges.

The first European settlement of Sault Ste. Mary was founded in 1668 by the French Jesuit missionary J. Marquette. In 1701, the fort of Pontchartrain-du-Detroitin (present-day Detroit) was founded, which became the center of the fur trade. In 1754-1760, the state was affected by the Seven Years’ War, which in these lands was called the French and Indian War. In 1787 after the Revolutionary War, the region was incorporated into the Northwest Territory. In 1794, the “Battle of the Fallen Trees” took place, during which the Americans defeated the Indians. Under the Jay Treaty of 1794, the Americans acquired real power over the local forts, which had previously been garrisoned by the British. In 1805, the Michigan Territory was created, which, during the Anglo-American War of 1812-1814, temporarily fell into the hands of the British.

In 1825, the construction of the Erie Canal was completed, and a stream of immigrants reached here. This was also facilitated by the laying of roads, the availability of land, the discovery of deposits of iron ore and copper. In the years 1830-1840, the resettlement process intensified. In 1833, a war began over the borders with the state of Ohio. Michigan ceded some of its southern lands to Ohio in exchange for northern territories. Received statehood in 1837. One-fourth of the male population of the state participated in the Civil War (out of 90,000 people, 14,000 died).

In 1903, the conveyor production of cars was first established at the G. Ford plant. The state becomes the center of the automobile industry. In 1926, General Motors reached sales of a billion dollars a year. During the Great Depression a crisis begins in the economy, and with it the trade union movement grows (the United Trade Union of Automobile Industry Workers was created, 1935). In 1935-1941, large strikes took place at car factories. Since the 1940s, there has been a trend in Michigan to reduce the role of agriculture (once it was an exclusively agricultural state). During the Second World War, factories produce military products (the largest number of military orders). In the post-war years, the state’s economy developed steadily. In the 1970s, automotive production began to decline. This led to a severe economic crisis, which was overcome only by the mid-1980s (during the crisis and after it, the cultivation of vegetables and fruits still occupied an important place in the economy). The concentration of African Americans in cities led to an increase in racial conflicts (the most acute clash occurred in 1967 in Detroit, when dozens of people died). Many high positions in the state administration since the 1990s have been held by blacks.

Most of the attractions are concentrated in Detroit and its suburbs.

State of Michigan