Massachusetts Lat / long
LATITUDE & LONGITUDE:
- Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
Boston: (capital) 42º 35′ N, 71º 05′ W
Pittsfield: 42º 44′ N, 73º 25′ W
Springfield: 42º 10′ N, 72º 58′ W
- Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
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- Relative locations: (specific details)
Massachusetts is placed on both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America and located in the northeastern region of the United States (one often referred to as New England), Massachusetts is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire.
Massachusetts is a state in the northeastern United States, one of the six states of New England. The area is 27.3 thousand sq. km, the population is 7.03 million people (2020). The official name is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The administrative center is Boston. Large cities: Worcester, Springfield, Cambridge, Fall River, Brockton, New Bedford, Quincy. Mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, electronics. Computer and communication technologies. Printing industry, publishing. Growing cranberries (on the Cape Cod peninsula). Tourism. Developed service sector. See counties in Massachusetts.
Massachusetts borders the states of Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine to the north, Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, and New York to the west. To the east is the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The west of Massachusetts is occupied by the spurs of the Appalachians, the Taconic Mountains and the Berkshire Hills. Off the south coast are the islands of Martha’s Vineyard, Nantucket, and Elizabeth. To the southeast is a sandy lowland with Cape Cod.
Massachusetts Bay stretches along the east coast of the state.
- AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Massachusetts, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Massachusetts.
The climate is temperate humid.
The English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold was the first to reach the local shores in 1602. In 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Cape Cod (arrived on the Mayflower ”), who left England for religious reasons (and for the first two centuries the descendants of immigrants from England, the Puritans, lived in the territory). They founded the first European settlement in Massachusetts – the Plymouth Colony. During the first harvest in October 1621, the British held a three-day feast for the Indians (hence the holiday known as Thanksgiving). In 1623 new settlers appeared. The Dorchester Company established the colony of Gloucester at Cape Ann. In 1629 the Massachusetts Bay Company was organized. In 1630, the first group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop (head of the local hierarchy for two decades), founded the capital of the colony, Boston. In 1636, Harvard University was opened (the country’s first educational institution of this rank).
The newly arrived immigrants gradually began to settle deep into the continent, forcing out the Indians by force. In 1643, a confederation of colonies was created to coordinate defense, most effectively during the War of King Philip (with Spain). In 1684, the charter of the colony was abolished, and in 1686 the Massachusetts and Plymouth colonies were included in the Dominion of New England, which lasted until 1689. In 1692, a “witch hunt” began in the town of Salem. 156 charges were filed, 30 people were found guilty (of which 14 women and 5 men were hanged). The trials of the Salem “witches” ended the era of Puritan dominance.
The period of rapid economic growth and expansion of Massachusetts – the beginning of the 18th century. Industry and foreign trade are developing. By the middle of the 18th century, Massachusetts had become the center of shipbuilding and trade in the British colonies. In 1773 a mutiny broke out (known as the ” Boston Tea Party “). ”) – the inhabitants of the colony, dressed as Indians, threw chests of tea from the British ship in protest against the tax policy that was unfavorable for the colonies and restrictions on trade with other countries. After the American victory at Bunker Hill, the British withdrew from Boston in 1776. In 1780, the Massachusetts Constitution was adopted (it is the oldest current state constitution). In the early 19th century, the state was hit hard by embargoes and restrictions on foreign trade. At the Hartford Convention, the question was raised about the withdrawal of the state from the United States (citizens were dissatisfied with the Anglo-American War of 1812). In the 19th century, Massachusetts was the largest whaling center in the world. Massachusetts, the sixth state, gave the young republic such figures as J. Adams, S. Adams, J. Hancock. After the war, the development of industry, agriculture and transport network continued in the state, and the growth of cities accelerated. From the 1840s, an influx of immigrants from Ireland began, later Italians, Polish and Russian Jews, Portuguese, French and English-speaking Canadians began to settle in the same area, and after the Second World War, Negroes.
The state made a significant contribution to the victory of the North in the Civil War. In the years 1890-1910 there was a powerful surge in the industrial development of the state. The textile industry gradually moved to the southern states (many factories were outdated and closed). In the first decades of the 20th century, more than 60% of the state’s residents lived in cities with a population of over 25,000 people. Banking and insurance are developing. The role of the service sector has increased. The Great Depression affected areas already affected by the closure of textile and shoe factories. During World War II, the state greatly expanded shipbuilding and engineering. In the post-war period, Massachusetts is a leader in socio-political change. Since the 1950s, electronics has developed rapidly. Massachusetts was the first to take a number of measures to protect the environment, create efficient urban transport systems (in Boston), public services; made a huge contribution to culture and education. At the end of the 20th century, there is a recession in the economy, which leads to a deterioration in living conditions in large cities, a decrease in the level of social assistance, an increase in unemployment and crime.
Attractions include: Plymouth Rock (the remains of a granite rock where, according to legend, the first Puritans landed). Next to her is a replica of the Mayflower, built in 1955 in England. Whalers’ Museum, Sailors’ Chapel (New Bedford). A popular holiday destination is Cape Cod. Massachusetts is the birthplace of J. Kennedy.