State of Maryland

Maryland Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)141 sq. mile
    (water)2,633 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 9,774 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 196 miles (east to west) along the Pennsylvania border
  • Vertical Length: 119 miles from Grisfield directly north to the Pennsylvania borderNote: Lengths and widths are two-point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
  • Counties: (24) Map
  • County: ( largest in population) Montgomery 876,622
  • Geographic Center: Located approximately 4 mile NE Taza in Prince George’s County
  • Highest Point: Base, at 3,360 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 348 ft.

Maryland Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Annapolis: (capital) 38º 98′ N, 76º 48′ W
    Baltimore 39º 29′ N, 76º 61′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Maryland is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America, Maryland is located in the South Atlantic region of the United States. This is limited to the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Delaware and Washington, D.C. and the Chesapeake Bay.

Maryland, a state in the eastern United States, in the group of the Mid-Atlantic states (Middle Atlantic States). Area 32, 1 thousand km 2. Population 5.56 million people (2004), the first state in the country in terms of population density. The administrative center is Annapolis. See counties in Maryland.

Largest city: Baltimore.

Maryland borders Pennsylvania to the north, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia to the south and west, and Delaware to the northeast.

Located on the Atlantic coast. The Chesapeake Bay divides the state into the East Bank (located on the Delmarva Peninsula) and the hilly West Bank (the so-called “Waterfall Line”). It passes into the spurs of the Blue Ridge and Piedmont foothills. The Potomac River is the border with Virginia and West Virginia. The climate is temperate humid.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Maryland, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Maryland.

Traditionally, tobacco cultivation plays a leading role. Coal reserves (significantly reduced), stone and sand mining. Developed high-tech science-intensive production. Services sector. Tourism. Leading place for the production of canned vegetables.

The share of agriculture as a whole is relatively small.

In 1524, the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazano (Verrazano, Giovanni da), who was hired by the French king to search for a western sea route to China, visited the Atlantic coast of North America. In 1526, the Spaniards visited the Chesapeake Bay. They named it Santa Maria. In 1608, the lands of the state were explored by the founder of the Virginia colony, the famous traveler, Captain J. Smith. At the end of 1631, W. Clairborne founded a trading post on about. Kent. J. Calvert is considered the founder of the Maryland colony. In 1632 the English king Charles I granted the right to settle the local lands (between the 40th parallel and the south bank of the Potomac River) to Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore. The colony was named after Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I. In 1634, J. Calvert (his brother) with a group of 200 people settled on the banks of the St. Mary River. In 1649, freedom of religion was proclaimed (the “Act of Religious Toleration”). From 1692-1715, the colony was governed by royal governors. Then the Calvert family again led the colony. The inhabitants of the Maryland colony supported the strikes of the rebels from other colonies against the increase in taxes by the British. In 1765, Maryland opposed the Stamp Act, and in 1776, refused to obey the king and adopted a state constitution. Maryland Warriors Fought Bravely on the Fronts of the Revolutionary War (but there was no fighting on the territory of the state itself). In 1788, Maryland became the seventh U.S. state of the original 13 states. In 1791, the authorities of the states of Maryland and Virginia provided their lands for the creation of the Federal District of Columbia and the founding of the new capital of the United States there – Washington. By the beginning of the Civil War, the inhabitants were divided into two opposing groups (there were approximately equal numbers of free blacks and slaves in the state). After Virginia left the Union, President Lincoln introduced military rule in Maryland, thereby preventing the separation of the state, which was of strategic importance for the defense of Washington, during the war there were bloody battles. After the war – a period of stable growth of the state economy, mass immigration of immigrants from Greece, Germany, Italy, Russia. The development of trade was facilitated by the construction in the 19th century of the Chesapeake-Ohio Canal, the Cumberland Road and the Baltimore-Ohio Railroad. Heavy industry, rail transport. Baltimore quickly became a major port. Today, the main economic activity is in the area of the Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas. Tourism and the service sector are important, as well as ensuring the activities of the federal government (part of its institutions are located in the Baltimore area). The importance of high-tech science-intensive production is growing. The opening of the tunnel bridge across the Chesapeake contributed to the industrial development of the East Bank. In the 1960s, Baltimore became the site of racial riots.

Attractions include: Fort McHenry Historic Site, the colonial quarter of the state capital Annapolis.

State of Maryland