State of Louisiana

Louisiana Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)43,562 sq. miles
    (water) 8,277 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 51,839 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 266 miles
  • Vertical Length: 364 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (3) Arkansas, Mississippi and Texas
  • Districts: (64) map
  • County: (largest by population)
    Baton Rouge 443,580Note: Due to damage caused by Hurricane Katrina and the relocation of Louisania residents, any population figures shown for Louisiana are now considered estimates.
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 4 miles southeast of Marksville, in Avoyelles Parish.
  • Highest Point: Mount Driskill, 535 ft.
  • Lowest Point: Drive along the Mississippi River in the city of New Orleans (-9 ft.)
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: (average)98 ft.

Louisiana Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Baton Rouge: (capital) 30º 27′ N, 091º 09′ W
    New Orleans: 29º 57′ N, 090º 04′ W
    Shreveport: 32º 31′ N, 093º 45′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Louisiana is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the Gulf Coast region of the United States of America – part of North America – Louisiana is bordered by the states of Arkansas, Mississippi and Texas and the Gulf of Mexico.

Louisiana is a state in the southern United States, in the group of states of the Southwestern Center (West South Central States). Area 134.4 thousand km 2. Population 4.5 million (2004). The administrative center is the city of Baton Rouge. Largest cities: New Orleans, Shreveport, Lafayette, Kenner. See counties in Louisiana.

Louisiana borders Mississippi to the east, Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. The state is located almost entirely on the Mexican lowland. The flood plain in the Mississippi River valley is heavily swamped. In the north of the state, the terrain is hilly. Other major rivers: Red River (Red River), the right tributary of the river. Mississippi (called red because it carries reddish deposits), Atchafalaya River, Washita River. Humid subtropical climate, hurricanes occur in summer and autumn.

The state’s economy is largely dependent on the oil business. Enterprises of the oil and chemical industry are concentrated in large cities. An important place is occupied by the export of oil products, chemicals, agricultural products. In agriculture – large farms. Main crops: soybean, sugar cane, rice, cotton, pepper. Livestock. Marine fisheries: crabs, shrimps. Major tourism center (New Orleans). Airports. Universities. Colleges.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Louisiana, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Louisiana.

The first inhabitants of the state (Hunter Indians) lived in what is now Louisiana about 10,000 years ago. Before the arrival of Europeans, the territory was inhabited by the Caddo and Natchez Indian tribes. In the 16th century, Spanish expeditions visited here: Pineda (1519), A. Caveza de Vaca (1528), Hernando de Soto (1541). In 1682, the area of the lower Mississippi River was explored by R. La Salle (Robert de La Salle). Having explored the region, he declared it the property of France and named the entire basin of the river. The Mississippi and its tributaries Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV. In 1714, the French founded the settlement of Natchitoches. In 1718, New Orleans was founded at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Louisiana officially became a French colony in 1731. In the years 1760-1780, the French settled in southwestern Louisiana north of New Orleans (along the Mississippi River), expelled by the British from the Canadian province of Acadia (Cajuns, retained the French language to this day). In 1762, after the Seven Years’ War, France decides to transfer Louisiana to Spanish possession (in order to enlist the support of Spain against the war with Britain). But the Spaniards failed to establish complete control over the French-speaking population. The war was lost, the eastern part of Louisiana went to Britain. Spain left the western part, including New Orleans. Under Napoleon Bonaparte, the lands were returned to France, and in 1803 they were sold to the United States. It was the largest in US history purchase. The territory of the United States has almost doubled (in 1904, one of the largest and most picturesque world’s fairs in history, the Louisiana Purchase Centenary Exhibition, was held; the same amount was spent on it as on the purchase, 15 million dollars). Louisiana officially became the 18th state of the United States in 1812. By 1860, the population of the state exceeded 700 thousand people, a system of plantation slavery had developed in the state. During the Civil War, Louisiana, along with other southern states, seceded from the United States. During this war and during the Restoration of the South (1865-1877), the state’s economy suffered greatly. Prior to World War II, Louisiana was an agricultural region. In 1928, H. Long becomes the governor of the state. Under him, the economy became largely dependent on the oil business.

Attractions include the French Quarter in New Orleans, the 34-story State Capitol in Baton Rouge (1932, one of the tallest in the South).

State of Louisiana