State of Kentucky

Kentucky Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)728 sq. miles
    (water)679 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 40,407 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 369 miles from Kentucky Bend marker, east to Black Mountain
  • Vertical Length: 171 miles from Covington immediately south to the Tennessee borderNote: Lengths and widths are point to point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border States: (7) Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and West Virginia
  • Counties: (120) Map
  • County: ( largest in population) Jefferson 709,264
  • Geographic Center: located approximately 3 miles NW of Lebanon in Marion district
  • Tallest Point: Black Mountain, at 4,139 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Mississippi River, 257 feet.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 757 ft.

Kentucky Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Frankfurt: (capital) 38º 19′ N, 84º 87′ W
    Middlesboro: 36º 61′ N, 83º 71′ W
    Paducah: 37º 08′ N, 88º 58′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Kentucky is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America, Kentucky is located in the East South Central region of the United States. This is limited to seven states including Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and West Virginia.

Kentucky is a state in the south of the United States in the group of states of the Southeast Center (East South Central States). Area 140.7 thousand km 2. Population 4.37 million (2011). The administrative center is Frankfort. Largest cities: Louisville, Lexington, Owensboro. See counties in Kentucky.

Kentucky borders West Virginia and Virginia to the east, Missouri to the west, Tennessee to the south, and Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to the north. The main part of the territory is located on the Appalachian Plateau with the Cumberland, Green River and Kentucky River in narrow deep valleys. The most significant rivers are the Ohio and Tennessee. Karst landforms. Much of the state is known as the Bluegrass Country, covered with bluegrass meadow, with a bluish tinge. To the southeast is the Appalachian Mountains. To the west is a partially swampy plain (“Jackson Purchase Area”).

The climate is temperate continental mild with warm summers and cold winters.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Kentucky, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Kentucky.

The most important minerals are coal, natural gas, and oil. The industry of the state is concentrated along the river. Ohio. Leading industries: mechanical engineering, ferrous metallurgy, food, textile, tobacco industry (the second largest tobacco producer in the country). Leader in coal production. Manufacture of hardware, furniture, shoes, whiskey “bourbon” (from corn wort, originally made in Bourbon County, often simply called “Kentucky”). In agriculture: cultivation of seeded herbs, tobacco, soybeans, corn; meat farming. Breeding of racehorses (ranks first in the country). A large center of the nuclear industry (Padyuk, near the hydroelectric power station). In the east of the state – the lumber industry.

Universities and colleges: Frankfort, Louisville (ten), Lexington.

Boon’s expeditions passed through the Allegheny Mountains in 1767-1771. Kentucky became the first Frontier in US history. The first settlement of Harrodsburg was founded in 1774 by a native of Pennsylvania, James Harrod. In 1776, the colony of Virginia appropriated the lands of Kentucky, which became known as the District of Kentucky. The name possibly comes from the Iroquois word for “prairie”. In 1778, a settlement was formed by the expedition of J. Clark on the territory of the city of Louisville. During the American Revolutionary War, local Indians supported the British and fought against the inhabitants of the American colonies. In 1782, the decisive battle of Blue Lix took place, in which the Americans won. The flow of settlers after the Revolutionary War increased sharply. The people of Kentucky began to seek independence from Virginia. In 1792, Kentucky became the 15th state of the United States. During the Civil War, Kentucky declared its neutrality. In 1798, the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were passed. Inside Kentucky on the eve and during the Civil War, a split occurred due to the economic interests of tobacco planters and farmers (the state legislature proclaimed allegiance to the Union, but many Kentuckians joined not only the Union army, but also the Confederate army). The Great Depression hit the state hard 1930s (in terms of per capita income, it ranked last). The period of intensive industrial development is associated with military orders. After the end of World War II, the economic situation stabilized. The energy crisis of the 1970s was overcome by expanding the coal market. At the end of the 20th century, agriculture fell into decline – the number of farms decreased three times, general mechanization increased unemployment, tobacco (the main product of agriculture) was recognized as dangerous to health.

Attractions include Mammoth Cave National Park. The popular Kentucky Derby is held annually at Churchill Downs in Louisville. In the center of Frankfort – architectural monuments (the new Capitol, the old Capitol, in which the Museum of Military History of Kentucky). Museums. Zoo.

State of Kentucky