State of Kansas

Kansas Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)81,815 sq. miles
    (water) 459 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 82,274 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 410 miles
  • Vertical Length: 213 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) Nebraska, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Colorado
  • Districts: (105) map
  • County: (largest in population) Sedgwick, 452,869
  • Geographic centre: in Barton
  • Highest Point: Sunflower, 4,039 ft.
  • Lowest Point: Yari Copperhead River, 679 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 2,019 feet

Kansas Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Topeka: (capital) 39º 04′ N, 95º 69′ W
    Wichita: (largest city) 37º 41′ N, 97º 20′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Kansas is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the central region of the United States of America, part of North America – Kansas is bordered by the states of Nebraska, Missouri, Oklahoma and Colorado.

Kansas, a state in the Midwestern United States, is part of the West North Central States group. Area 213.1 thousand km 2. Population 2.73 million (2004). The administrative center is Topeka. Large cities: Wichita, Kansas City (port), Atchison (Atchison), Emporia (Emporia), Hutchinson (Hutchinson). See counties in Kansas.

Kansas borders Missouri to the east, Colorado to the west, Nebraska to the north, and Oklahoma to the south. Most of western Kansas is located on the Great Plains, the rest of the territory is hilly areas and valleys of the Kansas and Arkansas rivers.

The climate is temperate continental, warm, often dry with strong winds and dust storms. The amount of precipitation is unstable.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Kansas, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Kansas.

The state’s economy is generally considered prosperous and balanced. The leading role is played by agriculture (the first place in the USA in wheat cultivation). One of the largest livestock centers. Industry: transport engineering (aircraft, cars, agricultural machinery), chemical, printing. The most important minerals are oil and natural gas (in the south of the state). The transport network is developed: the Union Pacific Railroad and Santa Fe (Santa Fe Southern Pacific Railroad), transcontinental federal highways number 70 (east-west) and number 35 (north-south).

Universities, their branches (in Lawrence, Kansas City, Topeka), colleges.

On the territory of Kansas lived the Indians of the Osage (Osage), Pawnee (Pawnee) and Kanza (Kaw, Kansa) tribes, the river was named after the latter, and then the territory and the state. The first European to explore the local lands was the Spaniard Francisco Vazquez de Coronado (in 1541 he began searching for gold here). At the end of the 17th century, the territory of Kansas passed to France, the first commercial and military settlement was founded. From 1762-1800, the Spaniards owned, then again the French. In 1803, the United States purchased Louisiana from France., of which Kansas was then a part. Many expeditions passed through these places to the West (the expeditions of Z. Pike, 1806, S. Long, 1819-1820), but there were no prospects for the development of the territory, it was unsuitable for settlement, it was decided to use it to create reservations. The region became part of the “Great American Desert”. In the 50s of the 19th century, the flow of immigrants along the Oregon Trail (Oregon Trail) and the Santa Fe Trail (Santa Fe Trail) intensified. In the years 1830-1850, 34 thousand Indians still lived in the state (and only 1.5 thousand Europeans, mostly missionaries). In 1854, Kansas became an American territory. The mass settlement of lands by immigrants from Europe began after the adoption of the Kansas-Nebraska Act (May 30, 1854), according to which the newly formed territories had the right to independently decide on the issue of slave ownership. The split between northerners and southerners over the issue of slavery led to numerous armed clashes (“bleeding Kansas”, Bleeding Kansas, 150 people died). Voters did not accept the draft Lecompton Constitution, which established slavery. In 1861, Kansas joined the Union (Union) under the Wyandotte Constitution (Wyandotte Constitution, 1859, is still in effect) and received the official status of a US state. The economic recovery began after the adoption in 1862 of the law on homestead, according to which any resident of the state over 21 years old could receive a plot of land of 65 hectares for $ 10, which passed into his full possession after 5 years (subject to constant cultivation of the land). Thousands of east coast residents flocked to Kansas. During the Civil War the state was raided on both sides. In the 70s of the 19th century, new immigrants arrived in the state (from Germany, Russia, Sweden). The hardy winter wheat varieties they brought revolutionized agriculture. Droughts, strong winds, dust storms (in the mid-30s of the 19th century practically destroyed crops several times) in 1953-1955 forced the state authorities to develop new methods of land reclamation and cultivation and create a network of artificial reservoirs. The first gas fields were discovered in the 90s of the 19th century. Prior to World War II, Kansas was one of the nation’s largest zinc producers.

Attractions include: “Fort Larnid” (a former military outpost for the Indian War), art museums in Wichita, the geographical center of the 48 central states, 65 km from which is the geodetic center of North America.

State of Kansas