State of Iowa

Iowa Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)55,869 sq. miles
    (water) 402 sq. miles
    (FULL) 56,271 sq. mile
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 310 miles
  • Vertical Length: 211 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (6) Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, and South Dakota
  • Districts: (99) map
  • County: (largest in population) Polk, 374,601
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 6 miles northeast of Ames in Storey County
  • Tallest Point: Iowtz Point, 1,670 feet.
  • Lowest Point: At the junction of the Des Moines and Mississippi rivers, at 480 feet.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 1,108 ft.

Iowa Latitude/Longitude


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Des Moines: (capital) 41º 36′ N, 93º 36′ W
    Cedar Rapids: (second largest city) 42º 00′ N,
    91º 38′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Iowa is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the Central North (or Midwest region) of the United States of America – part of North America – Iowa is bordered by the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, and South Dakota.

Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, in the central part of the country. The area is 146 thousand sq. km. The population is about 2951, 4 thousand people (2004). The administrative center is Des Moines, other major cities are Cedar Rapids, Davenport. It borders on the states of Minnesota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin. The state is located on the watershed of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. See counties in Iowa.

The climate is continental. Storms, tornadoes and floods are frequent. The leading place in the economy is occupied by agriculture. Main crops: oats, soybeans, corn. Ranks first in the United States in pork production. The industry is focused on serving agriculture. The service sector is developed, especially the insurance business. University (located in Ames, founded 1858).

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Iowa, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Iowa.

10 thousand years ago, the Indian tribes of the Illinois, Iowa, Santee, and Yanktons lived on the territory of present-day Iowa. Pre-Columbian Indian burials have been preserved near the town of Marquette. In the 1670s, French expeditions led by Marquette and Jollier visited. The first permanent settlement of colonists appeared in 1788. The United States bought Louisiana in 1803., including Iowa, which began to be more intensively populated by colonists; especially this process intensified after the Indian War led by the leader of the Black Hawk (“Black Hawk War”, 1832). In 1833, the first official settlement of American colonists (mostly from Ohio and New York) was founded. In 1838, Iowa received the status of a territory with the center in Iowa City, in 1846 it became the 29th US state. In 1857, the last bloody clash between the colonists and the Indians took place – the Massacre on Spirit Lake, as a result of which the Indian tribes were pushed east, and in the middle of the 19th century to Kansas.

From the middle of the 19th century, there was a rapid increase in the population (for the period from 1850 to 1860 it tripled), the rapid development of railways and river transport began. By the beginning of the Civil War, there was a split on the issue of slavery (80 thousand people of the population took part on the side of the northerners – opponents of slavery). In connection with the development of the state, farming began to develop at an accelerated pace, and industry began to develop in the east of the state. By the end of the 19th century, the state became one of the main breadbaskets of the country, in this direction Iowa developed throughout the 20th century. In the early 1990s, there was one farm for every 27 residents.

In the second half of the 20th century, the service sector began to take shape, which developed very rapidly. By the 1980s, more workers were employed in this area than in agriculture and industry. After overcoming economic difficulties in the United States in the 1980s, electronics, partly gambling, began to develop in the state.

State of Iowa