State of Indiana

Indiana Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)35,867 sq. miles
    (water) 550 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 36,417 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 144 miles from central Indiana Illinois border, straight east to Ohio border
  • Vertical Length: 279 miles from Elkhart directly southwest to Evansville on the Kentucky borderNote: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois
  • Districts: (92) map
  • County: (largest in population) Marion 860,454
  • Geographic Center: Located approximately 14 miles northwest of Indianapolis in Marion
  • Tallest Point: Hulk Hill, at 1,257 feet.
  • Lowest Point: 320 feet at the confluence of the Ohio and Wabash
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 693 ft.

Indiana Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Indianpolis: (capital) 39º 76′ N, 86º 14′ W
    Gary: 41º 61′ N, 87º 34′ W
    Evansville: 37º 98′ N, 87º 56′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Indiana is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America, Indiana is located in the East North Central region of the United States. It is bordered by the states of Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, and Lake Michigan.

Indiana, a state in the Midwest of the United States, in the north of the country, in the Great Lakes region. Area 94.3 thousand km 2. Population 6.3 million (2005). The administrative center and largest city is Indianapolis. Major cities: Fort Wayne, Evansville, Gary, South Bend, Hammond. See counties in Indiana.

Indiana borders on the west with the state of Illinois, on the north with the state of Michigan, has access to Lake Michigan, and on the east it borders on the state of Ohio. The southern border with the state of Kentucky runs along the Ohio River. It is divided into the northern lake region, the central plains, and the rolling foothills of the Cumberland Plateau in the south. The main rivers are the Ohio and the Wabash River.

Temperate continental climate with hot and humid summers and cold winters.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Indiana, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Indiana.

International Airport. Major transport hub. Extraction of coal, oil, natural gas, limestone. Indiana limestone has been used in the construction of such world-famous buildings as the Empire State Building in New York and the Pentagon in Washington. The state is a large market of national importance (located between major metropolitan areas in the neighboring states of Detroit, Toledo, has ports on the Great Lakes and the Ohio River and a developed transport system). The main region of heavy industry is Calumet. The production of car parts, chemicals, medicines, furniture, musical instruments (Elkhart), diamond cutting tools (Fort Wayne) is developed. Indiana is called “the main street of the Midwest” because the state is crossed by the largest number of highways (highways) in the country.

More than 70% of the territory is occupied by agriculture. The main crops are corn and soybeans. Pig breeding and beef cattle breeding are developed. Universities. Conservatory. Autodrom.

The first European to enter the territory of Indiana in 1679 was the French explorer R. La Salle. At the beginning of the 18th century, the French founded several settlements here – forts. In 1763, this territory came under the control of the British, who in every possible way prevented its settlement by white settlers. But the ban was ignored, and the development of new territories was accompanied by skirmishes with the Indians. In the 17th century during the Revolutionary War the British were driven out by the detachments of J. Clark. In 1800, the Indiana Territory was founded, which included the lands of the present-day states of Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin, as well as parts of the states of Michigan and Minnesota. However, clashes between Indians and Americans continued until 1811, when the Battle of Tippecanoe finally deprived the Indians of their lands. Indiana was admitted to the union in 1816, the second state created in the Northwest Territory. In 1816 the first constitution was adopted. The state capital was the city of Corydon (Corydon), in 1825 it was moved to Indianapolis. The development of the state was greatly facilitated by the laying of the first railroad (1834) and the National Road. In the second half of the 19th century, an economic boom began in the state. Northern victory in the Civil War, in which the population of the state supported the Union, gave an additional impetus to the development of industry (especially metallurgical and automotive). The development of a diversified economy after the war was facilitated by immigration from Europe (an influx of skilled workers). Agriculture and forestry are developing. Mining is underway. The state is one of the top ten coal mining states.

Attractions include: Indiana Dunes National Landscape Lake Preserve (Lake Michigan Recreation Area), 1822 Homestead, 1900 Family Farm. In Indianapolis: Museum of State History, Art Museum (an extensive collection of American, European, Oriental art of the 17th-19th centuries), Children’s Museum (the largest in the world), House-Museum of the 23rd US President B. Harrison, Headquarters of the American legion.

State of Indiana