State of Idaho

Idaho Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)747 sq. miles
    (water)823 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 83,570 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 307 miles
  • Vertical Length: 484 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (6) Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington
  • Districts: (44) map
  • County (largest in population) of Ada, 300,904
  • Geographic Center: Approximately 11 miles south of Challis, in Custer County
  • Highest Point: Borah Peak, 12,663 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Serpent River, near Lewiston (710 ft.)
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: (average)4,994 feet.

Idaho Latitude/Longitude


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Boise: (capital) 43º 37′ N, 116º12′ W
    Coeur d’Alene: 47º 41′ N, 116º 47′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Idaho is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the western central region (or Mountain States) of the United States of America – part of North America – Idaho is bordered by the states of Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon Washington, and the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Idaho – a state in the northwestern United States, covers an area of ​​216 thousand square kilometers. Population 1391, 8 thousand people (2004). The administrative center is Boise. It borders Canada to the north, Wyoming and Montana to the east, Oregon and Washington to the west, and Utah and Nevada to the south. See counties in Idaho.

Almost the entire territory is occupied by the spurs of the Rocky Mountains. The northern and central parts are almost untouched by civilization. 2/3 of the state is occupied by evergreen forests. Many mountain gorges and ridges, canyons and waterfalls. To the southwest is a plateau in the Snake River Valley. The main river is Columbia. University of Idaho at Pocatello.

The climate is continental. The leading place in the economy is occupied by agriculture, the most important crop is the potato. They also grow wheat, barley and sugar beets. Mining: silver, zinc, gold, phosphates. National Wildlife Refuge (third place in the US).

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Idaho, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Idaho.

The territory of Idaho was inhabited by Indians more than 14 thousand years ago. Its development by Europeans began in 1805 with the expedition of M. Lewis (President Jefferson’s personal secretary) and W. Clark. In 1809-1834, fur traders appeared in Idaho. From the 1830s to the 1850s, missionaries arrived in the state. In 1860 the Mormons The first permanent settlement was established in the Franklin area. At the same time, in Idaho, a stream of immigrants poured into the state. In 1863, it was proclaimed by an act of Congress the territory of Idaho (the territory of modern Montana and Wyoming was included). In 1890, Idaho became the 43rd state of the United States. In 1880 and 1884, silver deposits were discovered and new enterprises opened. But with the fall in the price of silver (1888-1892), the economy began to decline, which stimulated the rise of the miners’ union movement. The beginning of the 20th century is the second period of rapid development of the state, when the specialization of the state was designated. Idaho became an agricultural center. During the Great Depression, the state received a lot of federal assistance under Roosevelt’s New Deal .. The jump in the economy took place during the Second World War (the creation of large military bases and a test site). Since the 1970s, electronics, woodworking, and the food industry have been developing at an accelerated pace.

Among the attractions: the Mormon Temple (Mormon Temple) in the southeast of the state in Idaho Halls, the ski resort “Sun Valley” in the southeast of the state (Sun Valley, opened in 1936, the film “Sun Valley Serenade” brought him popularity “, 1941). In the nearby town of Ketchum, the last years of E. Hemingway passed, he was buried in the city cemetery.

State of Idaho