State of Georgia

Georgia Geography Statistics

  • Land area:
    (land)57,906 sq. miles
    (water) 1,522 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 59,428 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 248 miles
  • Vertical Length: 331 miles Note: Lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (5) Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida
  • Counties: (159) Map
  • County: ( largest in population) Fulton, 816,006
  • Geographic Center: Macon approximately 18 miles SE in Twiggs County
  • Tallest Point: Brasstown Bald at the far northeast corner of the state, at 4,784 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 612 ft.

Georgia Let / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Atlanta: (capital) 33º 44′ N, 84º 23′ W
    Macon: 32º 50′ N, 83º 37′ W
    Savannah: 32º 05′ N, 81º 06′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)

Georgia is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the southeastern region of the United States, part of North America, Georgia is bounded by the states of Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida, and the Atlantic Ocean.

Georgia is a state in the South Atlantic States group in the southern United States. Area 154.1 thousand km 2. Population 8.8 million (2004). The administrative center is Atlanta. Other major cities: Augusta, Columbus, Macon, Savannah. See counties in Georgia.

Georgia borders South Carolina to the east, Florida to the south, and Tennessee and North Carolina to the north.

Most of the state is lowland. In the east it is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, in the north the spurs of the Appalachians, covered with forests, rise. The climate is subtropical temperate, with mild winters and hot summers.

The leading role is played by the textile, food, woodworking industries, as well as transport engineering. Hartsfield International Airport. The service sector and tourism are developed.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Georgia, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Georgia.

The first European settlement on the territory of the state arose in 1733 (on the site of Savannah), later an English colony appeared, named after King George II (hence the name of the state). In the middle of the 18th century, the slave trade was legalized in Georgia, slave labor began to be used on the state’s huge rice and cotton plantations. During the Revolutionary War, the inhabitants of the colony took an active part in the struggle, seizing the arsenal in Savannah in 1775, they sent weapons to the American army. In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state of the United States.

Consistently adhering to the policy of maintaining slave ownership, Georgia, along with other slave states, seceded from the Union in 1860. During the Civil War, the territory of the state was seriously damaged; in 1864, the army of General Sherman passed through the entire state with battles. The entire population of Atlanta was deported, and the city itself was completely burned. The state economy was completely destroyed. After the war, in 1868, Georgia refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment, which gave federal agencies the right to protect the rights of citizens if they were violated by the states. This led to the introduction of military rule in the state. Only in 1870 Georgia was again admitted to the United States.

In the 1920s, Georgia experienced a decline in agriculture. From the middle of the 20th century, the textile, food, pulp and paper, woodworking (Georgia Pacific) industries, as well as transport engineering, began to develop. The state produces the famous whiskey “corn moonshine” (produced by Johnson Distilling). Georgia is home to the headquarters and operations of Coca-Cola. Savannah is home to one of the largest sugar firms in the US, Savannah Sugar Refining Co. The state has become an important tourist center. In 1977-1981, the post of US president was held by a native of the state, its former governor, J. Carter. In 1996, the XXVI Summer Olympic Games were held in Atlanta.

Among the attractions: in Atlanta – the Martin Luther King Memorial Center, the President J. Carter Center, the Library-Museum (dedicated to the years of his presidency), the circular panorama “Battle of Atlanta”. Architectural monuments: High Museum of Postmodern Art (1983, architect R. Mayer), Georgia State Capitol, Museum of Science and Industry, Georgia Hall of Fame. Macon is home to the Municipal Sports and Concert Hall, with the world’s largest copper dome. South of Macon, in the central part of the state, is the Ocmulgee National Monument, where traces of Indian activity in the prehistoric period have been preserved (mounds, an abandoned ceremonial complex, 1100 BC, etc.). Numerous museums and national monuments in Savannah: Great Savannah Museum, Maritime Museum, Vintage Car Museum, Art Museum.

State of Georgia