- Land area:
(land)53,927 sq. miles
(water) 11,761 sq. mile
(FULL) 65,688 sq. miles
- Land area: (all states)
- Horizontal Width: 361 miles from Alabama border, direct east to Jacksonville Beach
- Vertical Length: 398 miles from the far northeast Georgia border to the southern edge of the EvergladesNote: Maximum lengths and widths are two-point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
- Border States: (2) Alabama, Georgia
- Districts: (67) map
- County: (largest population) Miami-Dade 2,253,362
- Geographic Center: approximately 13-mile NW of Brooksville
- Highest Point: Britton Hill, 345 feet
- Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
- Latitude and longitude
- Average Elevation: 103 ft.
Florida Lat / long
LATITUDE & LONGITUDE:
- Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
Tallahassee: (capital) 30º 26′ N, 84º 17′ W
Miami: 25º 78′ N, 80º 22′ W
- Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
- Find any Latitude & Longitude
- Relative locations: (specific details)
Florida is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the far southeastern region of the United States, part of North America, Florida is bordered by the states of Alabama and Georgia as well as the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Straits of Florida.
Florida is a state in the southeastern United States, in the group of South Atlantic states. Area 170, 4 thousand sq. km. Population 17.3 million (2004). The administrative center is Tallahassee. Major cities: Jacksonville, Miami, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Fort Lauderdale, Hialeah. See counties in Florida.
In the north it borders on the states of Alabama and Georgia, in the east it is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico, in the west by the Atlantic Ocean. The Florida Keys are adjacent to Cuba. Most of the state is on the Florida peninsula.
Most of Florida’s land mass is located on the Florida Plateau with the Coastal Lowland and the Marianna Lowland. Numerous lakes and swamps in the center and northwest of the upland. The total length of the coast is 2172 km. The climate is subtropical and moderately humid in the north, tropical in the south. The climate is strongly influenced by the Florida Current. Frequent hurricanes.
- AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Florida, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Florida.
International ports, airports (in Tampa, Miami). Minerals are mined: phosphates (three-quarters of the total production in the country), oil, titanium, zircon, thorium, cerium, kaolin, silica sand, gravel, clay, sand, limestone, peat. The leading position in the state is occupied by the tourism industry (it employs about 30% of the population). Chemical, food industry (processing of fish, food products). Mechanical engineering (including transport), radio electronics, printing, textile industry. Manufacture of cigarettes. Timber industry (in the northern part of the state). Developed agriculture: cultivation of citrus fruits (first place in the country), vegetables (primarily tomatoes), sugar cane. Breeding horses. Meat farming. The service sector and the state industrial sector are developed. Aerospace Industry Center. The state has the Eastern Test Site with the Space Center. J. Kennedy at the CapeCanaveral and about. Merritt. Universities, colleges.
The Spaniard Juan Ponce de León, who visited the region in 1513, gave Florida its name (Spanish for “blooming”) and declared it a territory of Spain. In 1539, the Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto landed in western Florida at the entrance to Tampa Bay with a military detachment. In 1565, the oldest European settlement on the territory of the modern United States was founded – San Augustine (Saint Augustine, Saint Augustine). In 1586 Francis Drake burned San Augustin, in 1763-1783 the territory passed to the British, then again to the Spaniards. In 1819, Spain ceded Florida to the United States. In 1823, a settlement was established near the modern city of Tampa. The Seminole Indian War (1835-1842) ended with the removal of most of the Indians to Oklahoma. In 1845, Florida became the 27th state of the United States. During the Civil War state on the Confederate side. Florida rejoined the Union in 1868. At the end of the 19th century, intensive economic development of the state began. New railroads were built, Florida became one of the world’s tourism centers. The land boom that began in the 1920s led to rapid population growth in the 1930s and 1940s. After the Second World War, the defense industry developed, a spaceport was built at Cape Canaveral. Florida received thousands of Cuban refugees in the 1960s and 1980s. Since the 1980s, tourism, the service sector and the state industrial sector have been the main sectors of the economy, and agricultural production (growing oranges) has been developed. Florida attracts many of the nation’s retirees to reside.
Among the attractions: Everglades National Park, seaside climatic resorts of Miami, West Palm Beach (on the east coast), Salvador Dali Museum (opened in 1982 in St. Petersburg, the largest collection of works by a Spanish artist), the restored city of St. Augustine with Fort Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, theaters, museums and the Circus Hall of Fame in Sarasota. Fort Lauderdale has the largest municipal marina, the Bahia Mar.