State of Connecticut

Connecticut Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)4,845 sq. miles
    (water) 698 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 5,543 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 88 miles from central New York border, immediately east to Rhode Island border
  • Vertical Length: 60 miles from Bridgeport, direct north to the Massachusetts borderNote: Lengths and widths are two-point, rectilinear measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
  • Border States: (3) Rhode Island, Massachusetts and New York
  • Counties: (8) Map
  • County: ( largest in population) Fairfield 891,469
  • Geographic Center: Located in East Berlin, Hartford County
  • Highest Point: Frissell, at 2,380 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 498 ft.

Connecticut Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Hartford: (capital) 41º 76′ N, 72º 67′ W
    Canaan: 42º 02′ N, 73º 33′ W
    Mystic: 41º 34′ N, 71º 95′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Connecticut is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. As part of North America and located in the northeastern region of the United States (one often referred to as New England), Connecticut is bounded by the states of Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and New York, and Long Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean.

Connecticut, a state in the northeastern United States, one of the six states of New England. Area 14.3 thousand km 2. Population 3.5 million (2004). The administrative center is Hartford. Major cities: Bridgeport, New Haven, Waterbury, Stamford. The southern part of the state is washed by the waters of the Long Island Sound. It borders Rhode Island to the east, New York State to the west, and Massachusetts to the north. See counties in Connecticut.

The Taconic Mountains and the Berkshires lie to the northwest, hilly to the east, and lowlands to the center. Main rivers: Connecticut, Housatonic River, Thames. The climate is temperate humid.

One of the three smallest states in terms of area and one of the most populous in the country. Industrial production plays a leading role in the economy: aircraft engines, helicopters, nuclear submarines, metal products, watches, and instruments. A large historical center of arms production (” winchesters “, “colts”). An important center for the insurance business (Hartford). Location of the headquarters of many of the largest firms (Stamford). Universities, colleges, symphony orchestra.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Connecticut, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Connecticut.

In 1614, the Dutch traveler Andriano Block explored the Connecticut River. In 1633, the first settlement was founded by the Dutch colonists – the trading post “House of Good Hope”, trade was carried out with the Indians. In the same decade, Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded Weathersfield, Hartford, Windsor, and Saybrook, and settlers from Plymouth Colony founded the New Haven Colony. In 1637, with the arrival of the British, conflicts began, the Indian population left the territory of the colony. In 1639, the settlements on the banks of the river merged into the Connecticut Colony, which, after 1665, was joined by the New Haven Colony (it was the smallest of the Puritan colonies).

In 1643, the colonies of Connecticut, New Haven, Plymouth, and Massachusetts united to form the New England Confederation. In New Haven, in 1701, the third US university, Yale, was founded.

In 1788, Connecticut became the 5th state of the United States. Was among the first thirteen colonies. Until the 18th century, the leading branch of the economy was agriculture (poultry farming). Manufactory production, including the metallurgical and textile industries, plays an important role. The state began to play an important role in the politics of the country (stands in opposition to the Embargo Act (1807) and the War of 1812). In 1818 he adopted a new constitution. Connecticut supported the Union in the Civil War. Both world wars contributed to industrial development. The rapid growth of industry, immigration, urbanization. Military orders helped to cope with the Great Depression. Powerful industrial base. The state’s economy is dominated by industrial production (the division for the production of submarines “General Dynamics» (General Dynamics) in Groton), weapons (Colt’s Manufacturing Co). Recently, there have been many problems, such as environmental pollution, an increase in crime, the conversion of the defense industry, unemployment (in 1989-1994 more than 190 thousand people lost their jobs).

Attractions include New Haven Colony Historical Society and Museum. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Peabody Museum of Natural History.

The New Haven Jazz Festival is held annually.

State of Connecticut