State of Colorado

Colorado Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)718 sq. miles
    (water)459 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 104.177 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 396 miles
  • Vertical Length: 278 miles Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (7) Utah, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona
  • Counties: (64) counties map
  • County: (largest in population) Denver County, includes City of Denver, 574,812
  • Geographic Center: 30 miles northwest of Pike Peak
  • Highest Point: Elbert, 14,433 ft., approximately 16 miles southeast of Aspen
  • Lowest Point: In the far southeast, along the banks of the Arkansas River – 3,350 feet.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 6,811 feet

Colorado Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude: (Absolute Locations)
    Denver: (capital) 39º 74′ N, 104º 99′ W
    Colorado Springs: 38º 83′ N, 104º 81′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (specific details)


Colorado is placed in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the west-central region (or Mountain States) of the United States of America, part of North America – Colorado is bordered by the states of Utah, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona

Colorado is a state in the western United States, in the Mountain States group. The area is 270 thousand km 2. Population 4.6 million (2005). The administrative center is Denver. Other major cities: Colorado Springs, Aurora, Lakewood, Pueblo. See counties in Colorado.

Colorado borders Wyoming and Nebraska to the north, Kansas and Nebraska to the east, Oklahoma and New Mexico to the south, and Utah to the west. To the east, the plateau passes into the uplands and the Rocky Mountains, forming a narrow band of Piedmont tablelands. The ranges of the Rocky Mountains cross the state from north to south, the highest point is Mount Elbert (4399 m). The western part of the state is located in the Colorado Plateau zone, crossed by rivers in deep canyons. Main rivers: Colorado, South Platte River, Arkansas.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Colorado, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Colorado.

The climate is dry continental. It hinders the development of agriculture and requires significant expenditures on irrigation. Corn, wheat and hay are grown here. Also, beef cattle breeding and sheep breeding are developed here. Machine-building, food, printing, woodworking industry; metalworking, electronics. The most important minerals are coal, oil, molybdenum, sand; among others – vanadium, uranium, zinc, natural gas. The coalfield in Northwest Colorado is the richest in the country, but has not been developed due to declining demand for coal. Energy (thermal and hydroelectric power plants) is of great importance. Mountain (summer and winter) tourism. International Airport (in Denver). Passes through the Dividing Range, numerous highways and railways. Space Operations Center in Colorado Springs. Universities, colleges, institutes, Air Force Academy. Museums. Reserves (in the Rocky Mountains).

In the 16th century, the Spaniards explored the local lands. In 1706, the territory of Colorado was declared Spanish, then passed to France. In 1803, the United States bought the eastern part of Colorado, in 1845 – the central one, and in 1848, as a result of military operations, Mexico ceded its western part. In 1858, gold was discovered near Pikes Peak (Denver was founded). Thousands of gold prospectors rushed to Colorado. In 1876, Colorado became the 38th state of the United States. The economy of the state began to develop rapidly. In the 20th century, the business activity of the population moved to the Sun Belt. During the Second World War, large military bases were founded here. In the 70s, the rapid development gave way to a recession in the 80s (oil prices fell, the pace of mining slowed down, unemployment increased, mortgage rates rose).

Among the attractions: National Park Rocky Mountains “Rocky Mountains National Park” – the territory on both sides of the Great Dividing Range, the total area of about 107.3 thousand hectares (mountaineering, rock climbing, famous balneological resort). The highest peak is Mount Longs Peak (4345 m). Waterfalls, mountain lakes and springs. Founded in 1915. Great Sand Dunes National Park in the Sangre de Cristo mountains. Dinosaur National Monument – on both sides of the border between the states of Colorado and Utah (in 1909, numerous remains of dinosaurs were discovered here). In the southwest, the Mesa Verde National Park (pre-Columbian cave settlements). The rock palace, which has more than 200 rooms and 23 ceremonial rooms. Modern museum complex in Denver.

Bow down

Bow down, Colorado is a beautiful alpine resort town, sitting at 8,150 feet of elevation in the Rocky Mountains and surrounded by the White River National Forest.

The area was once the summer home of the Utah tribe, who were moved when gold was discovered in the area in 1859. Miners and merchants moved in and were soon followed by ranchers and early farmers. This alpine valley remained isolated in the Rocky Mountains for many years until 1940, when Colorado Highway 6 made its way through the mountains and Charles Vail, the highway’s chief engineer, lent his name to the tiny town.

During World War II, the 10th Mountain Division of the US Army established Camp Hale southeast of Vale as a survival training camp. Pete Siebert and Earl Eaton, veterans from the camp, saw Vail’s potential as a ski resort town and returned to the area after the war to start their dream.

By the 1970s Bow Down Colorado was the most popular ski resort destination in the United States. The city’s small population works in the tourism and outdoor recreation industries. Bow down all about the alpine ski experience with ski chalets, luxury resorts, trendy shops and restaurants that cater to every taste.

This Rocky Mountain village experiences surprisingly mild temperatures with January highs around 45 degrees and July highs around 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

Although pioneers settled the area in the mid-1800s, Bow Down Colorado was not incorporated until 1966.

The first skiers to Vail Valley were Colorado postmen who traveled up to 40 miles a day to reach remote mountain locations.

The mountains surrounding Vale are not owned by private corporations; they are public Colorado lands leased to the area’s ski resorts.

Slope Mountain

Slope Mountain is one of the most popular ski resorts in the United States and enthusiasts from all corners of the globe come to experience its pristine slopes.

Bow down the Mountain features three distinct areas of terrain and seven bowls on its 5,289 acres of ski elbow room. This family ski resort has it all: alpine dog riding, five star dining on the mountain top, dance clubs, night time skiing and amazing snow board areas.

Decline Cascade Resort & Spa

Cascade Vail is one of the finest resorts in the valley. This upscale resort features two heated outdoor pools, hot tubs, indoor and outdoor tennis courts, volleyball, basketball, squash and racquetball facilities, the largest fitness center in Vail, and a bike path running along Gora Creek.

The resort is home to the famous Aria Spa sanctuary dedicated to achieving overall wellness. The luxury spa is the most extensive facility in Vail, Colorado and provides body and skin treatments to soothe, relax, invigorate and rejuvenate. Many types of massages, body scrubs and wraps, facials and degrees of pampering you never knew existed, all available.


Ridge Vail Adventure Ridge sits at the top of a mountain and offers activities for every member of the family. Ski bikes, half bike and half ski, are fun for all ages. Slippery, tear-roaring snow tubing lanes, kids’ snowmobile trail, huge trampoline and snowshoeing are just a few of the activities available.

Nature at night offers discussions under the Colorado stars about mountain wildlife, astronomy, conservation and more.

State of Colorado