State of Arizona

Arizona, a state in the southwestern United States. Area 295.2 thousand km 2. Population over 5.9 million (2005). The administrative center is Phoenix. Other major cities: Tucson, Mesa It borders New Mexico to the east, Mexico to the south, and California and Nevada to the west. A significant part of the state is desert (Painted Desert, Gila Deser, Sonora Desert). In the north of the state is the Colorado Plateau , cut by a canyon of rivers. The Grand Canyon, a unique natural monument, is the largest river in the state of Colorado. See counties in Arizona.

The climate is subtropical dry continental, with mild snowy winters. Developed electronics industry. Mining is underway (gold, silver, zinc, uranium, molybdenum). The state contains more than half of the nation’s copper reserves. The main agricultural crop is cotton. Sheep breeding is developed.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Arizona, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Arizona.

The territory of modern Arizona has belonged to Spain since 1539. In 1690-1711 Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino preached here among the Indians and taught them about agriculture. In 1821, Arizona was ceded to Mexico, in 1848, as a result of the war with Mexico, most of it was captured by the Americans. In 1848, at the end of the war with Mexico, the territory was captured by the United States. Long wars with the Apache Indians ended only in 1886 with their surrender. Arizona became a state on February 14, 1912, becoming the 48th state of the United States. After the Second World War, industrial construction began, the leading industry was electronics (concentrated in Phoenix and its environs). In the 1970s, population growth increased due to the warm Arizona climate and the availability of free jobs.

Attractions include: Petrified Forest National Park (Petrified Forest), Painted Desert (Painted Desert, “Painted Desert”), Devil’s Canyon (Diablo, 225 feet deep), Arizona Crater, Lake Mead, National Saguaro National Park, which features the Saguaro cactus, Santa Catalina Ski Center, one of the largest ski resorts in the southern United States.

State of Arizona