State of Alabama

Alabama Geostatistics

  • Land area:
    (land)744 sq. miles
    (water)1,673 sq. miles
    (TOTAL) 52,417 sq. miles
  • Land area: (all states)
  • Horizontal Width: 198 miles
  • Vertical Length: 321 miles Note: Lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some usage of other map projections
  • Border States: (4) Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
  • Districts: (67) map
  • County: (largest in population) Jefferson, 657,229
  • Geographic Center: approximately 12 miles SW from Clanton
  • Highest Point: Mount Cheaha in the Talladega National Forest, reaching 2,407 feet.
  • Lowest Point: Gulf of Mexico, 0 ft.
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Average Elevation: 496 ft.

Alabama Lat / long


  • Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations)
    Montgomery: (capital) 32º 22′ N, 86º 18′ W
    Huntsville: 34º 43′ N, 86º 35′ W
    Mobile: 30º 41′ N, 88º 02′ W
  • Latitudes and Longitudes: (specific details)
  • Find any Latitude & Longitude
  • Relative locations: (certain details)

Alabama is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in the southeastern region of the United States, part of North America, Alabama is bounded by the states of Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, and the Gulf of Mexico.

Alabama is a state in the south of the United States, covering an area of 135.7 thousand square kilometers. Population 451, 5 thousand people (2004). The administrative center is Montgomery; Cities: Birmingham, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa The southern part goes to the Gulf of Mexico. Alabama borders Georgia to the east, Tennessee to the north, and Florida to the south. Most of the state is located in the Mexican lowland, in the north the spurs of the Appalachians and the rolling plain. The climate is subtropical, moderately humid. The main industry is ferrous metallurgy. Shipyards in the Birmingham city area. Mining (coal, oil, natural gas). Poultry farming, meat and dairy farming, cotton, soybeans and peanuts are grown. See counties in Alabama.

Historically, the state was inhabited by Indian tribes (including the Creeks, Choctaws). In 1540, the Spaniard Hernando de Soto surveyed the lands of the state. In 1702 the French founded the first permanent settlement. Since 1719, the import of black slaves from Africa began. England took control of the state in 1763 and the United States in 1813. In 1819, Alabama became the 22nd state of the United States. In 1861, Alabama seceded from the United States due to disagreement over the prohibition of slavery, since plantation slavery was the basis of the state’s economy. This led in many ways to the incitement of the Civil War, during which Alabama fought on the side of the southerners – supporters of slavery. In 1861, Richmond, Virginia, temporarily became the capital, and Montgomery became the first capital of the Confederacy.. During the war, the state was seriously damaged, small businesses and many residential buildings were destroyed. In 1865, Alabama was conquered by the Allied forces and rejoined the United States. At the end of the 19th century, the development of industry began, but the state still remained an agricultural region, the basis of which was cotton growing. After the crisis In the 1930s, energy and ferrous metallurgy began to develop in the state. Racial problems retarded the economic development of Alabama, the policy of Democratic Governor J. Wallace (he held this post for more than 20 years since 1962) contributed to the maintenance of tension in this regard, who tried to consistently implement the slogan he put forward “Segregation forever”, but in the end was forced to resign and resigned in 1986. Attractions include: State Capitol, White House of the Confederacy, Dexter Avenue Church (pastored by M. L. King), Museum of Art. Russell’s Cave National Monument is located in the Bridgeport area – the center of the ancient Indian culture of the “mound builders”.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Introduction to the state of Alabama, covering commonly used acronyms and the list of main cities and town in Alabama.

State of Alabama