Solomon Islands Overview

The Solomon Islands are located in the western Pacific Ocean, just east of New Guinea. The Solomon Islands were under British rule for many years. Among other things, it resulted in great destruction during World War II due to the many British and Australian companies that were located there.

Solomon Islands flagSolomon Islands 2

Capital: Honiara
Biggest city: Honiara
State: monarchy within the Commonwealth
Language: English
Religion: Christianity
Surface: 28 450 km²
Population: 597 200 (2013)
Population density: 21 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 74 years
Illiteracy: 46%
Currency: salomondollar (SBD)
1 salomondollar = SEK 1.08
GDP per capita: $ 2,900 (2010)
Time difference: +10 hours
Electricity: 230 V AC, 60Hz
National Day: July 7
Country area code: 677
2-Letter country abbreviation: SB (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: agriculture 85%, service sector 10%, industry 5%
Climate: tropical; rainy season from November to April

In 1978, the Solomon Islands became independent, which in the long run has proved to be a disadvantage for the islands. Since 1997, the country has been characterized by civil war-like conditions with crime and ethnic violence. But with the help of a multinational delegation, work is now being done to restore peace.

The state’s economy is very poor, and the Solomon Islands therefore have problems getting deliveries of, among other things, fuel. All electricity is produced from fossil fuels, such as oil. Tourism occurs, especially diving at the wrecks of World War II.


The following objects in the Solomon Islands are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • East Rennell Island (1998)


Electricity and electrical outlets in the Solomon Islands

Voltage: 240 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, D

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Honiara

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 27 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
Day °C 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Night °C 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22
Rain (mm) 270 280 350 230 120 90 90 90 90 140 130 220


According to Countryaah, Honiara is the capital of the Solomon Islands and has 54,600 residents (2003). The capital is a port city and is located on the north coast of the island of Guadalcanal. It was rebuilt to replace the former capital Tulaghi at the end of World War II. Honiara has a port, a government building and a national museum. It is located at the mouth of the river Matanika. The city also has an international airport.