Nauru Overview

Nauru, formerly known as Pleasant Island, is the world’s smallest independent republic and consists of an island in the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the world’s smallest countries both in terms of population and area. Nauru is, on the surface, the world’s smallest non-European country.

Nauru flagNauru 2

Capital: Yaren
Biggest city: Yaren
State: republic
Language: English, Naurian
Religion: Christianity
Surface: 21 km²
Population: 9,400 (2013)
Population density: 668 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 64 years
Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
1 dollar = 6.44 kr
GDP per capita: $ 5,000 (2005)
Time difference: +11 hours
Electricity: 110/240 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: January 31
Country area code: 674 (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
2-Letter country abbreviation: NO
Business: phosphate mining, financial services and coconut production
Climate: tropical; rainy season from November to February

During the 70’s and 80’s, Nauru was one of the richest countries in the world. The income came from large reserves of phosphate. When the phosphate ran out, the economy collapsed, and Nauru instead tried to develop the country into a tax haven.

On January 1, 2000, Deutsche Bank blocked all dollar transactions to the Bank of Nauru, and the G8 considered imposing sanctions on the country because the Russian mafia and South American drug gangs used the country for money laundering.

An annual US report published in March 2000 revealed that the Russian mafia’s favorite place to launder money was Nauru. According to the Russian central bank, about $ 80 billion had passed through Naurus Bank, mostly to mailbox companies. The money that went in and out through the bank was not controlled, and the United States therefore demanded that Nauru introduce a law against money laundering. Following pressure from the UN, such a law was introduced.

Today, Nauru is classified as a developing country. The residents are poor, the infrastructure such as telephone systems has completely collapsed and there are regular reports of riots and looting.

Nauru is also the fattest nation in the world. 95% of the population are overweight and just over 80% of them are obese. Every third person in the country has diabetes, and 60% of the population has type 2 diabetes at the age of 60.

Nauru has made some minor attempts to attract tourists, but few visit the country. They are today ranked as the world’s least visited country.

For those who want to know more about Nauru’s history, the book “Paradise for Sale” by Carl McDaniel and John Gowdy from the year 2000 is recommended. Tony Wheeler has written an interesting travelogue from Nauru in the book “Dark Lands” from 2013. Australia has on later years assisted Nauru financially to run a refugee camp. Mark Isaacs, who previously worked at the camp, wrote the revealing book “The Undesirables: Inside Nauru” in 2014.


Electricity and electrical outlets in Nauru

Voltage: 240 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: I

Need an adapter: Yes, Swedes need an adapter.


Weather in Yaren

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28 27
Day °C 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 30
Night °C 24 24 24 24 25 25 24 24 24 25 25 24
Rain (mm) 272 239 192 165 121 123 163 150 122 111 147 243


According to Countryaah, Yaren is a district in Nauru with about 1,100 residents. The district is considered by the UN as the main district as most of the island’s administration is located there. The nation lacks real cities.

The district has the country’s parliament, police station, international airport and administration. The Moqua Well is one of the area’s few tourist attractions.