Marshall Islands Population and Language

The population is Micronesian speaking Marshallese, an Austronesian (Micronesian) language with two main dialects. In addition to Marshallese, English is also the official language and is spoken by most residents.

In recent decades, the population has been increasingly concentrated on the country’s two cities: the capital Rita on the Majuroatoll with almost half of the country’s residents and Ebeye on the Kwajalein atoll with upwards a quarter of the population. The outer islands are sparsely populated.

Marshall Islands Population Forecast

  • COUNTRYAAH.COM: Key populations estimated size and data of Marshall Islands, including population density of how many people per square mile. Also included are facts for population and language.

The natural population growth is high. But many, especially young people, leave the country for the United States, where the Marshallese have the right to study, work and live without special permission. From the mid-1990s to 2011, about 1,000 residents moved to the United States each year. Since 2012, there are no statistics on the number of marshalls who emigrated to the US, but it is clear that the rate of emigration is still high and that a large proportion of the population lives in the USA.

Marshall Islands Population and Language



Micronesian peoples 98%, other 2% (2006)

Number of residents

53 127 (2017)

Number of residents per square kilometer

295 (2017)

Percentage of residents in the cities

76.6 percent (2017)

Nativity / birth

31.2 per 1000 residents (2011)

Mortality / mortality

3.7 per 1000 residents (2011)


0.1 percent (2017)

fertility rate

4.1 number of births per woman (2011)

Life expectancy

65 years (2000)

Life expectancy for women

68 years (2000)

Life expectancy for men

63 years (2000)


English and Marshallese are official languages.