Most Hondurans live on the north coast and in the western and central parts of the country. Population growth is high. At the same time, more and more are emigrating, especially to the United States, where there are hundreds of thousands of Hondurans, many of whom are paperless immigrants.
Following Donald Trump’s tenure as President of the United States in 2017, attitudes towards Central American migrants have hardened. At the same time, a new wave has emerged of migrants moving north, from several Central American countries.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Key populations estimated size and data of Honduras, including population density of how many people per square mile. Also included are facts for population and language.
More and more people are being stopped at the Mexico-US border, and many are being jailed. Pressure has increased on paperless migrants, and in addition, the White House has decided to withdraw temporary residence permits that Hondurans received after Hurricane Mitch in 1998 (see Calendar), affecting tens of thousands of people.
The government has now also entered into an agreement with the US that asylum seekers from third countries should be able to be sent back from the US to Honduras, if they have passed it on their way to the US border. These people are expected to seek asylum in Honduras. Critics argue that Honduras should not be considered a safe country for people fleeing violence and poverty, not least as Hondurans flee their homeland because of violence and poverty.
The majority of the population are Spanish-speaking miseries (people with both European, mainly Spanish, onset and roots in the indigenous population). The indigenous peoples make up a small minority of Hondurans and are divided into several different groups of people, the largest of which are lenca, miskito, tolupane and chorti. In northern Honduras, the Garífuna people, who are descendants of African slaves and Caribbean Caribbean, live. Garífuna was deported by the British in the 18th century from the island of Saint Vincent in the Caribbean to the Bay Islands (Islas de Bahia) off the north coast of Honduras. There is also a small white minority in the country with English as their mother tongue.
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by everyone. Among the indigenous peoples, Maya is the largest language. Along the north coast, English is common, but everyday people speak Creole, that is, English with elements of Spanish. The language carib (or garífa) is spoken by the garífa.
FACTS – POPULATION AND LANGUAGE
Number of residents
9 265 067 (2017)
Number of residents per square kilometer
Percentage of residents in the cities
56.5 percent (2017)
Nativity / birth
21.7 per 1000 residents (2016)
Mortality / mortality
4.8 per 1000 residents (2016)
1.7 percent (2017)
2.5 number of births per woman (2016)
Percentage of women
50.1 percent (2017)
74 years (2016)
Life expectancy for women
76 years (2016)
Life expectancy for men
71 years (2016)
Spanish is officially language 2
- Minorities of Native Americans, Blacks, Whites, Garifuna
2. English, Creole, Garifuna and Various Native American Languages Spoken by MinoritiesSources
MC passengers are prohibited
A six-month ban on riding as a passenger on motorcycles is introduced after a well-known journalist and former senior government official was shot dead by motorcycle-carrying assailants.
New parties are formed
Three new political parties are formed. Zelaya’s supporters in the FNRP found the Liberation and Restructuring Party (Libre). Romero Vásquez Velásquez, the general who personally drove Zelaya out of the country, forms the Patriotic Honduran Alliance (Alianza patriótica hondureña, APH). Former sports journalist and TV star Salvador Nasralla co-founded the Anti-Corruption Party (Partido anticorrupción, PAC).
Corrupted police are arrested
More than 170 police officers are arrested in an action against police corruption. The arrested belonged to the same unit as the four murder suspects who were released at the end of October. At the orders of the new security minister, checks are put in place by all police to clear out criminal or inappropriate elements.
Police chiefs are dismissed
Four murder suspects are released from the detention and go underground. Police are suspected of murdering two students and the release is causing a people storm. President Lobo soon dismissed some senior police chiefs.
Generals are exempt from prosecution
The Supreme Court acquits six generals prosecuted by the prosecutor for violating the Constitution when forcefully forcing Zelaya to resign sent him into exile.
FNRP members are murdered
Two members of the FNRP are murdered, as is a journalist related to the movement. A total of 16 journalists have been killed since the 2009 coup.
Security and foreign ministers are forced to resign
Both the Minister of Security and Foreign Affairs may go. There are rumors of loyalty conflicts and intrigues ahead of the 2013 election, but the United States has also put pressure on the security situation in the country to improve if aid to police and military is to resume full scale.
Secundino Ruiz, one of the leaders of the many organizations of landless peasants in the Bajo Aguá Valley, which occupies large areas of land, is shot to death by unknown men. The conflict in the area has been ongoing since 1998, but escalated in connection with the coup d’état. For two years, 36 people have been shot dead in the valley. Security forces have also carried out four violent divestments of landless occupants.
The Truth Commission confirms the coup d’etat
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission comes with its final report on the events surrounding Zelaya’s provision. The Commission states that what happened was a coup d’état, and that the National Congress had no right to take away the Zelaya power. The Commission does not propose any punishment for the guilty, but makes a number of recommendations.
Honduras again in the OAS
OAS decides to resume Honduras as a member of the organization. OAS excluded Honduras in the 2009 coup.
Zelaya returns to Honduras
Zelaya is greeted by thousands of followers at Tegucigalpa Airport as he returns to Honduras. In a speech he advocated peaceful opposition to the government, strengthened democracy and an end to violence and coups in the country. His return has come to an end since the two remaining charges against him were dropped by a court. At a ceremony in Cartagena, Colombia, in the presence of Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and his colleague from Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, Zelaya and Lobo take over and formally sign an agreement on reconciliation.
Teacher strike ends
Around 60,000 striking teachers return to work after President Lobo threatened to shut them down for a year without pay. Two million children have been without teaching for a month. The teachers’ protest against plans to municipalize the school received strong political overtones and was supported by Zelaya’s supporters in the FNRP.
Zelaya’s arrest warrant is invalidated
A judge of the Supreme Court cancels three arrest warrants for Manuel Zelaya. However, a few charges against Zelaya remain, based on his plans to organize a referendum on constitutional changes. In Tegucigalpa, security forces and FNRP clash in protests demanding Zelaya’s return.
The National Assembly supports constitutional change
The National Congress approves President Lobo’s proposal to lift the constitution’s ban on referendums, which, for example, could lead to the re-election of a president. It is a change that Zelaya drove, but which was then used as an argument to dismiss him.