South American Countries

There is a noticeable pattern in the spatial distribution of the Brazilian population: In the tropical rainforest region in the northwest, namely in the states of Acre, Amazonas, Roraima and Amapá, the population density is lowest; towards the urban agglomerations on the southeast coast it is increasing. A certain exception to this rule makes the Federal District (Distrito Federal do Brasil) around the capital Brasilia, the insular than the most densely populated part of the country in the otherwise sparsely populated state of Goias (18 Einw./km 2) lies. On the east coast, however, the population density is by no means uniform. A clear focus here is on the one hand around Rio de Janeiro and the neighboring states of Espírito Santo and São Paulo and on the other hand in the northeastern tip of the country between Rio Grande do Norte and Alagoas or Sergipe. The states of Bahia and Minas Gerais, which lie between these two regions, and the state of Rio Grande do Sul, on the other hand, are comparatively sparsely populated.
Between 2005 and 2010, as in previous years, there was significant population migration within Brazil, with migration gains and losses being distributed across the country without showing a clear large-scale pattern – apart from the fact that migration movements in the more populated areas For obvious reasons are significantly higher in the east than in the sparsely populated west. The strongest migratory movements are recorded between the northeast and the southeast, with numbers that are approximately the same for both directions. The central west and Paraná can also be identified as main destinations, each with significant migration gains for these parts of the country. For more information about the continent of South America, please check