Asian Countries

After the Second World War, the imperial rule of European powers over Asian peoples and countries could no longer be maintained. The leader of the independence movement in British India was the pacifist and human rights activist Mahatma Gandhi, born in 1869 and murdered in 1948. His calls for civil disobedience to the colonial power found broader acceptance among the population. However, his second major anti-British campaign was no longer supported by the country’s Muslims; from 1940 the Muslim League demanded the establishment of an independent state of Pakistan.

When British India was granted independence in 1947, Gandhi tried in vain to preserve the country’s unity; It was finally divided into the states of Pakistan, in which Islam was made the state religion, and India, which was dominated by Hinduism. East Pakistan, on the other hand, split off from West Pakistan as Bangladesh in 1971 due to linguistic and cultural differences. The border disputes between India and Pakistan over the predominantly Muslim, but still part of India, Kashmir region led to an ongoing conflict that could not be resolved even after the division of Kashmir in 1966. For more information about the continent of Asia, please check