Micronesia Travel

Micronesia is a region located in the western Pacific Ocean, comprising thousands of small islands scattered across the western Pacific Ocean. It is located north of the equator and is geographically part of the larger region known as Oceania. The country of Micronesia is composed of four island states: Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei, and Kosrae.


Micronesia’s geography is characterized by its stunning tropical islands, coral atolls, and pristine blue waters. The climate is typically tropical, with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year. The region is renowned for its rich biodiversity, including diverse marine life such as colorful coral reefs, fish, and marine mammals. While Micronesia does not have any major rivers, it is surrounded by some of the deepest oceanic trenches in the world. The highest point in Micronesia is Mount Dolohmwar on Pohnpei, reaching an elevation of approximately 791 meters (2,595 feet) above sea level.



The history of Micronesia dates back thousands of years, with evidence of human settlement on the islands as far back as 2,000 BCE. The indigenous peoples of Micronesia were skilled navigators and seafarers, using traditional outrigger canoes to explore and settle the islands of the Pacific.

Colonial Era

European exploration of Micronesia began in the 16th century, with Spanish explorers arriving in the region in search of new trade routes and resources. Over the centuries, various European powers, including Spain, Germany, and later Japan, established colonial control over different parts of Micronesia.

World War II

During World War II, Micronesia became a major battleground between Allied and Japanese forces. The region saw intense fighting, particularly in the Battle of the Pacific, which resulted in significant devastation and loss of life.

Postwar Period

After World War II, Micronesia came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. In 1979, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) gained independence, followed by the Republic of Palau in 1994. The Marshall Islands also gained independence in 1986.


Micronesia has a population of approximately 550,000 people, with the majority residing in the four states of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae. The population is predominantly Micronesian, with diverse ethnicities and cultures represented across the islands. The official languages are English and various indigenous languages, including Chuukese, Pohnpeian, and Kosraean. The majority of the population follows Christianity, with Roman Catholicism being the dominant religion.

Administrative Divisions

Micronesia is divided into four states, each with its own government and administrative structure:

  1. Yap – Population: 11,000
  2. Chuuk (Truk) – Population: 50,000
  3. Pohnpei – Population: 36,000
  4. Kosrae – Population: 6,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

Micronesia’s largest cities by population include:

  1. Weno (Chuuk)
  2. Kolonia (Pohnpei)
  3. Tofol (Kosrae)
  4. Colonia (Yap)
  5. Palikir (Pohnpei)
  6. Nanpohnmal (Pohnpei)
  7. Neveu (Chuuk)
  8. Fais (Yap)
  9. Lelu (Kosrae)
  10. Woleai (Yap)

Education Systems

Education in Micronesia is provided by both public and private institutions and is generally free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14. The education system follows a curriculum that combines Western and traditional Micronesian knowledge and values. There are several colleges and universities in Micronesia, including the College of Micronesia-FSM, which offers a range of undergraduate and graduate programs.



Micronesia is served by several airports, including:

  • Yap International Airport
  • Chuuk International Airport
  • Pohnpei International Airport
  • Kosrae International Airport


The major ports in Micronesia include:

  • Colonia Port (Yap)
  • Moen Port (Chuuk)
  • Pohnpei Port (Pohnpei)
  • Tofol Port (Kosrae)

Country Facts

  • Population: 550,000
  • Capital: Palikir
  • Languages: English, Chuukese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean
  • Religion: Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholicism)
  • Currency: United States dollar (USD)
  • ISO Country Codes: FM, FSM
  • International Calling Code: +691
  • Top-Level Domain: .fm